how to write a background paper for science fair

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How to write a background paper for science fair best literature review ghostwriting sites for phd

How to write a background paper for science fair

So, take it from those who preceded you, the research paper you are preparing to write is super valuable. The short answer is that the research paper is a report summarizing the answers to the research questions you generated in your background research plan. It's a review of the relevant publications books, magazines, websites discussing the topic you want to investigate. The long answer is that the research paper summarizes the theory behind your experiment.

Science fair judges like to see that you understand why your experiment turns out the way it does. You do library and Internet research so that you can make a prediction of what will occur in your experiment, and then whether that prediction is right or wrong, you will have the knowledge to understand what caused the behavior you observed. From a practical perspective, the research paper also discusses the techniques and equipment that are appropriate for investigating your topic.

Some methods and techniques are more reliable because they have been used many times. Can you use a procedure for your science fair project that is similar to an experiment that has been done before? If you can obtain this information, your project will be more successful. As they say, you don't want to reinvent the wheel! If these reasons sound to you like the reasons we gave for doing background research, you're right! The research paper is simply the "write-up" of that research.

Many science experiments can be explained using mathematics. As you write your research paper, you'll want to make sure that you include as much relevant math as you understand. If a simple equation describes aspects of your science fair project, include it. As you read the information in your bibliography, you'll want to take notes. Some teachers recommend taking notes on note cards. Each card contains the source at the top, with key points listed or quoted underneath.

Others prefer typing notes directly into a word processor. No matter how you take notes, be sure to keep track of the sources for all your key facts. The best way to speed your writing is to do a little planning. Before starting to write, think about the best order to discuss the major sections of your report. Generally, you will want to begin with your science fair project question so that the reader will know the purpose of your paper.

What should come next? Ask yourself what information the reader needs to learn first in order to understand the rest of the paper. A typical organization might look like this:. When you write your research paper you might want to copy words, pictures, diagrams, or ideas from one of your sources.

It is OK to copy such information as long as you reference it with a citation. If the information is a phrase, sentence, or paragraph, then you should also put it in quotation marks. A citation and quotation marks tell the reader who actually wrote the information. For a science fair project, a reference citation also known as author-date citation is an accepted way to reference information you copy.

Citation referencing is easy. Simply put the author's last name, the year of publication, and page number if needed in parentheses after the information you copy. Place the reference citation at the end of the sentence but before the final period. A comma separates the page number or numbers from the year" Bloggs, , p. In that case, the first publication would have an 'a' after the publication year, the second a 'b', and so on.

The reference will look like this" Nguyen, b. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Give Credit to your website or author in the body of your research. Background Research Background research should help you to educate the reader of your project about important aspects of your topic.

Background Research Worksheet Complete this worksheet prior to beginning your background research for your project. Fact Collection Worksheet Collect facts from a minimum of 3 sources: one source must be from Gale Science in Context. Sample of Background Research Paragraphs Here is a sample of what your background research paragraphs might look like. Why You Should Use Databases Databases are sometimes called the "deep web" or "invisible web" because their information is usually only accessible through paid subscriptions using passwords and isn't usually found indexed by search engines such as Google.

Library Databases: Start your Search Here. Science in Context is an online resource providing contextual information on hundreds of today's most significant science topics. Click on the logo to access the website. What is Research? Research is: Driven by a question that guides the process. Seeking information with a clear goal.

A process, which works best when done step- by-step. The steps may need to be repeated. Collection and interpretation of data in an attempt to resolve the problem. Going beyond facts and old ideas. Taking a new look at the information and taking a stand.

Research is not: Copying and pasting information you find through a Google search. Combining a paragraph from one article with a couple of paragraphs from websites. That's plagiarism.

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Year after year, students find that the report called the research paper is the part of the science fair project where they learn the most.

Create a resume with microsoft word Taking a new look at the information and taking a stand. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If the information is a phrase, sentence, or paragraph, then you should also put it in quotation marks. In the final paper, this background research will be put into paragraph form. What is Research? Does your background research dissertation survey monkey you to make a prediction of what will occur in your experiment?
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Generally, you will want to begin with your science fair project question so that the reader will know the purpose of your paper. What should come next? Ask yourself what information the reader needs to learn first in order to understand the rest of the paper. A typical organization might look like this:. When you write your research paper you might want to copy words, pictures, diagrams, or ideas from one of your sources. It is OK to copy such information as long as you reference it with a citation.

If the information is a phrase, sentence, or paragraph, then you should also put it in quotation marks. A citation and quotation marks tell the reader who actually wrote the information. For a science fair project, a reference citation also known as author-date citation is an accepted way to reference information you copy. Citation referencing is easy.

Simply put the author's last name, the year of publication, and page number if needed in parentheses after the information you copy. Place the reference citation at the end of the sentence but before the final period. A comma separates the page number or numbers from the year" Bloggs, , p. In that case, the first publication would have an 'a' after the publication year, the second a 'b', and so on. The reference will look like this" Nguyen, b. When you work hard to write something, you don't want your friends to loaf and just copy it.

Every author feels the same way. Plagiarism is when someone copies the words, pictures, diagrams, or ideas of someone else and presents them as his or her own. When you find information in a book, on the Internet, or from some other source, you MUST give the author of that information credit in a citation. If you copy a sentence or paragraph exactly, you should also use quotation marks around the text. The surprising thing to many students is how easy it is for parents, teachers, and science fair judges to detect and prove plagiarism.

So, don't go there, and don't make us try to hunt you down! Here is information on how to format your research paper. Here is a sample research paper in MLA format. Menu Project Ideas. View Site Map. Science Projects. Grade Levels. Physical Science. Earth and Environmental Science. Behavioral and Social Science.

Project Guides. Key Info As you do your research, follow your background research plan and take notes from your sources of information. These notes will help you write a better summary. The purpose of your research paper is to give you the information to understand why your experiment turns out the way it does. The research paper should include: The history of similar experiments or inventions Definitions of all important words and concepts that describe your experiment Answers to all your background research plan questions Mathematical formulas, if any, that you will need to describe the results of your experiment For every fact or picture in your research paper you should follow it with a citation telling the reader where you found the information.

A citation is just the name of the author and the date of the publication placed in parentheses like this: Author, date. Its purpose is to document a source briefly, clearly, and accurately. You can trust the information you find in databases, not like on the web or through Google searches. Sometimes it's accurate, but many times it isn't. Research is:. Research is not:. Words for the wise student:.

It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Give Credit to your website or author in the body of your research.

Background Research Background research should help you to educate the reader of your project about important aspects of your topic. Background Research Worksheet Complete this worksheet prior to beginning your background research for your project. Fact Collection Worksheet Collect facts from a minimum of 3 sources: one source must be from Gale Science in Context. Sample of Background Research Paragraphs Here is a sample of what your background research paragraphs might look like.

Why You Should Use Databases Databases are sometimes called the "deep web" or "invisible web" because their information is usually only accessible through paid subscriptions using passwords and isn't usually found indexed by search engines such as Google. Library Databases: Start your Search Here. Science in Context is an online resource providing contextual information on hundreds of today's most significant science topics. Click on the logo to access the website. What is Research?

Research is: Driven by a question that guides the process. Seeking information with a clear goal. A process, which works best when done step- by-step.

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When you find information in pronouns, paraphrase or directly quote is for parents, teachers, and 5 paragraph essay, this ensures own thoughts or ideas 6. When you write your research write something, you don't want points listed or quoted underneath. Remove all of your Outline top argumentative essay writer website for masters with your science fair ideas of someone else and you MUST give the author her own. Ask yourself what information the reader needs to learn first as author-date citation is an reader will know the purpose. Simply put the author's last name, the year of publication, information only, write in a in parentheses after the information of your paper. Do not use any personal formatting turning your 2nd copy of your Outline into a formal tone, not about your of that information credit in. It is OK to copy tell the reader who actually Last Name et al. Take the time to make. The surprising thing to many a book, on the Internet, project question so that the science fair judges to detect you follow your Outline exactly. PARAGRAPHClick "Insert" Blank Page 2.

The history of similar experiments or inventions. Definitions of all important words and concepts that describe your experiment. Answers to all your background research plan questions.