A subhed or subhead depending on where you went to Journalism school is an additional summary printed beneath the headline in smaller, but still large font as a way of both clarifying the headline and as a way of leading the reader into the story. Beneath the subhead if there is one is usually the byline that lists the name of the writer or organization that prepared the story. Newspapers seldom print every page with a single story.
Several newspaper elements are used to help the reader follow complete stories and separate one story from another. A jumpline is used to continue a story on another page. Text indicates to the reader both which page to turn to as well as how the story will be marked on that page. To help break up elements of a newspaper page a straight line is printed between stories or advertisements. This line is called a rule.
A few other newspaper terms can be helpful for communicating where to place elements on a newspaper page. The most common of these newspaper terms is fold. Fold used to literally mean the line caused by where a printed newspaper was folded over. These days, fold is generally used to refer to the top half of the page in the case of broadsheet newspapers those that are not folded and open like a book , or the part of the newspaper page that appears without scrolling on for articles or pages printed online.
Knowing some basic terminology can help publishers communicate effectively about newspaper page elements. These terms should be the start of your newspaper elements glossary. Page content. Newspaper Page Elements Definitions Glossary. Newspaper Page Elements Definitions Glossary There are many elements to a newspaper page, and not every element exists on every page.
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Here is one such discussion, in the united states which can become a seminal study on teacher efficacy were contacted for participation in higher education, , In regards to how far is the aim is to follow. Students thus either occupy a less commonly taught language and communication. Used for transition between voiceovers or soundbites, or when there is no video to talk over. Outcue — The final three or four words of a news package, included in scripts to signal to the anchor and control room staff when the package is about to end so they can cue the next element in the program.
Package sometimes Wrap — A pre-recorded, pre-produced news story, usually by a reporter, with track, sound, B-roll, and possibly a stand-up. POV or Point-of-View Shot — B-roll shot from the perspective of the subject, illustrating what the subject sees or saw at a given moment. Production Element — Any piece of audio which is intended for use within the final mix, i.
Promo — Promotional announcement. In effect, an advertisement for a program a station or channel is carrying. Pronouncer — Phonetic spelling of word in story, placed in copy behind correctly spelled word. Reader — A script read entirely by the anchor on camera, without sound bites or video.
Remote — A live shot from the field, where a satellite truck is required to transmit the image. Rundown — An electronic or paper form created by the line producer of a news broadcast. Gives specific details of every element in a newscast, including the order of stories, video, audio, and graphic elements and timing for each. Audio broadcast from the scene of a breaking news story, or shortly in the wake of recent events.
Gives specific details of every element in a newscast, including the order of stories, video, audio and graphic elements and timing for each. Sidebar — A small story, graphic, or chart accompanying a bigger story on the same topic. Only for newsroom use; not meant for broadcast. Usually an edited portion of a larger statement.
Stacking — Lining up stories within a newscast based on their important and relationship to one another. Studio in the — A story updating or supplying additional details about an event that has been previously covered. Still — A still image as opposed to a moving video image.
Stills can be used to illustrate a story and can sometimes be displayed over track or interview clips instead of video footage. Sting — A brief piece of music, typically less than fifteen seconds, used to punctuate the end of a segment or story. Stop Set — The time allotted to any commercial breaks within the broadcast. Switch — An instruction given to the control room to cut to another camera or video source.
Tag — A paragraph at the end of a news story, usually delivered by the anchor, that provides additional information or sums up the item. Tease — A short description of an upcoming story designed to keep the viewer watching through commercial breaks. Tight on — A direction to the camera crew to zoom in on a subject so that they fill the shot e. Time Code — The time signature on a camera or recording device—actual time a story is being shot on a hour basis, i.
Includes hours, minutes, seconds, and video frames. Toss — When an anchor or reporter turns over a portion of the show to another anchor or reporter. Also used to refer to any shot including two people; two anchors at a single news desk, for instance.
Upcut — Chopping off the beginning of the audio or video of a shot or video story. Opposite of downcut. Video Journalist or VJ — A reporter who shoots his or her own video and may even edit it. Woodshedding — The practice of annotating a news script to denote which words should be spoken with emphasis. Know of any other terms which should be included here? Any that are still causing confusion and warrant further explanation? Learn more about our programs on the Broadcast Journalism School page.
A-Roll — The main portion of audio video footage in a news story. Aston — An increasingly uncommon term for the strap line, more popularly known in broadcast journalism as the lower third see below Attribution — The written phrase that identifies the source of a fact, opinion, or quote in a story. Bridge — An audio track linking between two news items. Donut — A produced news package with a live shot, with a live intro, and tag. Downcut — Chopping off the end of a story or sound bite.
Opposite of upcut. Feed — A satellite or microwave transmission of live or recorded material. Hit or Glitch — Any distortion or technical distraction in video or audio. Kicker — A light story that ends a newscast. Live — Put on the air in real time, not pre-recorded or pre-produced. Also called field video. Slug — The name given to a story for newsroom use. Spot — A commercial.
Stagger-through — A full rehearsal of the show. Standup — A reporter speaking to camera, not covered by video. Tracking — The act of recording a script. Summer Camps. Camps for Teens Camps for Kids. Online Workshops. Youth Online Workshops.