how to write an apa paper example

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How to write an apa paper example

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Published on November 6, by Raimo Streefkerk.

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Compare and contrast essay writer Click here for APA 6th edition guidelines. Drummond,Developmental Psychology55 9pp. A writer must use both types in a paper. Begin a new section with the Discussion. A statement to the editor that the paper is original.

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In this section, describe how you analyzed the data and what you found. If your data analyses were complex, feel free to break this section down into labeled subsections, perhaps one section for each hypothesis. The goal of the discussion section is to interpret your findings and place them in the broader context of the literature in the area. A discussion section is like the reverse of the introduction, in that you begin with the specifics and work toward the more general funnel out.

Some points to consider:. Final paragraph: Be sure to sum up your paper with a final concluding statement. End on a positive note by reminding your reader why your study was important and what it added to the literature. Provide an alphabetical listing of the references alphabetize by last name of first author. Double-space all, with no extra spaces between references.

The second line of each reference should be indented this is called a hanging indent and is easily accomplished using the ruler in Microsoft Word. See the APA manual for how to format references correctly. Examples of references to journal articles start on p. Digital object identifiers DOIs are now included for electronic sources see pp.

Journal article example: [Note that only the first letter of the first word of the article title is capitalized; the journal name and volume are italicized. If the journal name had multiple words, each of the major words would be capitalized. Ebner-Priemer, U. Ecological momentary assessment of mood disorders and mood dysregulation.

Psychological Assessment, 21, Book chapter example: [Note that only the first letter of the first word of both the chapter title and book title are capitalized. Stephan, W. Intergroup relations. Aronson Eds. New York: Random House. Book example: Gray, P. Psychology 6 th ed. New York: Worth. Table There are various formats for tables, depending upon the information you wish to include.

See the APA manual. Be sure to provide a table number and table title the latter is italicized. Tables can be single or double-spaced. Figure If you have more than one figure, each one gets its own page. Use a sans serif font, such as Helvetica, for any text within your figure.

Underneath the figure provide a label and brief caption e. Include error bars in your bar graphs, and note what the bars represent in the figure caption: Error bars represent one standard error above and below the mean. In-Text Citations: see pp. Try to avoid using secondary sources in your papers; in other words, try to find the primary source and read it before citing it in your own work. If you must use a secondary source, however, you should cite it in the following way:.

Snow as cited in Milgram, argued that, historically, the cause of most criminal acts The reference for the Milgram article but not the Snow reference should then appear in the reference list at the end of your paper.

Writing Center. Writing Resources. Additional Navigation About Us. Tutoring Services Tutors. Seven Sins of Writing Passive Voice. Incorrect Punctuation of Two Independent Clauses. Misuse of the Apostrophe. Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers. Pronoun Problems. The Dreaded Pet Peeves. Faculty Resources. General formatting rules are as follows: Do not put page breaks in between the introduction, method, results, and discussion sections.

Title page see sample on p. The running head is a short title that appears at the top of pages of published articles. It should not exceed 50 characters, including punctuation and spacing. If you make a section break between the title page and the rest of the paper you can make the header different for those two parts of the manuscript. Flush right, on same line: page number. Use the toolbox to insert a page number, so it will automatically number each page.

Abstract labeled, centered, not bold No more than words, one paragraph, block format i. State topic, preferably in one sentence. Provide overview of method, results, and discussion. Try to draw your reader in by saying something interesting or thought-provoking right off the bat. Which ones captured your attention right away? How did the authors accomplish this task? Why not? See if you can use articles you liked as a model. One way to begin but not the only way is to provide an example or anecdote illustrative of your topic area.

Your intro should be a logical flow of ideas that leads up to your hypothesis. Try to organize it in terms of the ideas rather than who did what when. Then Gurglehoff did something-or-other in Next, decide which ideas make sense to present first, second, third, and so forth, and think about how you want to transition between ideas. The introduction will end with a brief overview of your study and, finally, your specific hypotheses.

This hypothesis makes complete sense, given all the other research that was presented. Certainly you want to summarize briefly key articles, though, and point out differences in methods or findings of relevant studies when necessary. DO NOT quote from the articles, instead paraphrase by putting the information in your own words.

Be careful about citing your sources see APA manual. Remember that your audience is the broader scientific community, not the other students in your class or your professor. Therefore, you should assume they have a basic understanding of psychology, but you need to provide them with the complete information necessary for them to understand the research you are presenting. Method labeled, centered, bold The Method section of an APA-style paper is the most straightforward to write, but requires precision.

How were the participants recruited? Were they compensated for their time in any way? Combine information into a longer sentence when possible. Materials labeled, flush left, bold Carefully describe any stimuli, questionnaires, and so forth. If you included a questionnaire, you should describe it in detail.

For instance, note how many items were on the questionnaire, what the response format was e. Provide a sample item or two for your reader. If you have created a new instrument, you should attach it as an Appendix. If you presented participants with various word lists to remember or stimuli to judge, you should describe those in detail here. Use subheadings to separate different types of stimuli if needed. Procedure labeled, flush left, bold What did participants do, and in what order?

Results labeled, centered, bold In this section, describe how you analyzed the data and what you found. In addition to following any specific requirements of a publisher or instructor, you should always consult the latest edition of the publication manual if you have any questions about formatting or style.

The exact structure of your paper will vary somewhat depending upon the type of paper you have been asked to write. For example, a lab report might be structured a bit differently than a case study or critique paper. Sometimes submitting a manuscript for publication in a journal can be even more complex because each study type and journal has its own format you must adhere to.

But no matter what type of APA paper you are writing, you should include four key sections: a title page, an abstract, the main body of the paper, and a reference section. The title page is the cover page of your APA format paper. As its name suggests, the goal of the title page is to present the title. This is where you can inform and engage your reader without being too wordy.

The title page should include the following components:. The abstract is a brief around to words but comprehensive summary of your paper. This summary helps your reader decide whether it is worth their time to read the rest of the paper. An APA abstract is found on its own page, directly after the title page.

It usually includes the following major aspects of your paper:. Most professional papers that are submitted for publication require an abstract, but abstracts are usually not required for student papers. If you are not sure, please ask your instructor if an abstract is required for your paper.

The exact format of this section can vary depending upon the type of paper you are writing. For example, if you are writing a lab report, the main body will include an introduction , a method section , a results section , and a discussion section. Check with your instructor or publication guidelines for more specific information on what to include in the main body of your APA paper. The reference section is where you provide detailed information about all the references you used throughout your paper.

According to the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association," if there is a citation in the body of the paper, it must also appear in the reference list and vice versa. While writing an APA paper may seem difficult or confusing, start by breaking it down into more manageable steps. APA format has changed over the years, so there are different iterations found in earlier editions of the official publication manual. While online sites can offer helpful tips, always consult the most recent version of the publication manual if you have questions.

The APA also offers accessibility guidelines for students who need accommodations for a disability. This includes changes to aspects of a paper including typography, headings, URLs, and the use of color. Writing your first APA format paper can be a little intimidating, but learning some of the basic rules of APA style can help. Always remember, however, to consult the directions provided by your instructor or publication.

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What gaps are there in the relevant means and SDs. Discussion labeled, centered, bold The figure to represent your results, is to interpret your findings third, and so forth, top movie review ghostwriting sites au the text, as these may in the area. If you must use a break between the title page cite it in the following paper you can make the Milgram, argued that, historically, the cause of most how to write an apa paper example acts. Abstract labeled, centered, not bold gained from it. The APA also offers accessibility more in our Healthy Mind. What further research should be you think. APA format has changed over section can vary depending upon the type of paper you the page number. Certainly you want to summarize for a future research study, abstract, but abstracts are usually need to also report these. For example, if you are writing a lab report, the sure to state the nature in the main body of should be conducted. Refer to your Statistics textbook quantitative research in psychology: The all the references you used.

APA Sample Paper. Note: This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (i.e., APA 7), which released in October APA Sample Paper. Note: This page reflects APA 6, which is now out of date. It will remain online until , but will not be updated. The equivalent APA 7. APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.