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A Selection Of Great Research Paper Topics On Biotechnology Biotechnology is an interesting subject and people pursuing this subject as a profession seem to make more than the average salary. To choose a winning topic for your research paper, consider the following samples Remember that these are only suggestions and you would have to rephrase and alter them on your own if you decide to use one of them.
What are the latest inventions in the field of pharmacogenomics How do different medicines effect a person depending upon genetics How can organization for economic cooperation ensure better health security What steps should the government take to improve public health What is agro-biotechnology and what do we know about it to date How do herbs and plants contribute in making medicines for the betterment of mankind How do scientist genetically engineer plants to create new medicines How does biotechnology contribute to making better food available for everyone What is the role of DNA in fighting against chronic diseases How do scientists induce desirable features from one specie to another These are some important topics that you should consider while writing an impressive research paper on biotechnology Need help with essay?
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Really answered some questions! Effective tips for research paper writing. Have your college essay written today! Hire an expert. Great success with this site! Skip to content. Biotechnology Other. Inactivation of mammalian TLR2 by an inhibiting antibody. A number of proteins from Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Genetic enhancement of plant lenience to drought and salinity. Pharmacogenomics of Drug Transporters. Pharmacogenomics of Metformin response in type II diabetes mellitus. Pharmacogenomics of anti-cancer Drugs. Nanotechnology applications to DNA genotyping. Pages: 1 2. Are you beating the odds? A new tool for systematic analysis of research labs February 4, February 25, Labmonk 0.
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|Elementary essay prompts||Expression in grasses of multiple transgenes for degradation of munitions compounds on live fire training ranges Nov Long Zhang, Ryan Routsong, Quyen Nguyen, Elizabeth L. At first this paper deals with inulin and the homologous series of fructosanes. Eventually cytoskeletal proteins and their macromolecular assemblies were established in eukaryotes and assumed critical roles in cell movements, intracellular organization, cell division and cell differentiation. Medicinal and aromatic plants are known to produce secondary metabolites that find uses as flavoring agents, fragrances, insecticides, dyes and drugs. Babette Younan. Food industry was the dominant application for both the patent registrations The plant also has potential value in combatting desertification and land degradation in dry and semi-dry areas.|
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|Topics for research papers in biotechnology||This review will summarize the progress in nano-bio interface interactions based on theoretical models and simulations. In majority instances research tools are permitted through MTAs for academic research and for imparting education. Published by Elsevier B. Current transfer technology of large DNA fragments into plant cell nuclei and chloroplast. Finally, this SI was also launched to honor the memory of Prof. The development of efficient biotechnological platforms for better thermoplastics homework and an improved production cycle is a necessity for farmers cultivating the plant.|
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They may also target blood vessel formation in order to prevent heart disease or blindness due to macular degeneration or diabetic retinopathy. One of the oldest ideas for use of gene therapy is to produce anticancer vaccines. One method involves inserting a granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor gene into prostate tumor cells removed in surgery.
The cells then are irradiated to prevent any further cancer and injected back into the same patient to initiate an immune response against any remaining metastases. Whether or not such developments become a major treatment modality, no one now believes, as MacFarland Burnet did in , that gene therapy science has reached an end in its potential to advance health. At the close of the twentieth century, genetic engineering promised to revolutionize many industries, including microbial biotechnology, agriculture, and medicine.
It also sparked controversy over potential health and ecological hazards due to the unprecedented ability to bypass traditional biological reproduction. For centuries, if not millennia, techniques have been employed to alter the genetic characteristics of animals and plants to enhance specifically desired traits.
In a great many cases, breeds with which we are most familiar bear little resemblance to the wild varieties from which they are derived. Canine breeds, for instance, have been selectively tailored to changing esthetic tastes over many years, altering their appearance, behavior and temperament. Many of the species used in farming reflect long-term alterations to enhance meat, milk, and fleece yields.
Likewise, in the case of agricultural varieties, hybridization and selective breeding have resulted in crops that are adapted to specific production conditions and regional demands. Genetic engineering differs from these traditional methods of plant and animal breeding in some very important respects.
First, genes from one organism can be extracted and recombined with those of another using recombinant DNA, or rDNA, technology without either organism having to be of the same species. Second, removing the requirement for species reproductive compatibility, new genetic combinations can be produced in a much more highly accelerated way than before. Since the development of the first rDNA organism by Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer in , a number of techniques have been found to produce highly novel products derived from transgenic plants and animals.
At the same time, there has been an ongoing and ferocious political debate over the environmental and health risks to humans of genetically altered species. The rise of genetic engineering may be characterized by developments during the last three decades of the twentieth century. The menu of genetic screening and testing technologies now available in most developed countries increased rapidly in the closing years of the twentieth century.
These technologies emerged within the context of rapidly changing social and legal contexts with regard to the medicalization of pregnancy and birth and the legalization of abortion. The earliest genetic screening tests detected inborn errors of metabolism and sex-linked disorders. Technological innovations in genomic mapping and DNA sequencing, together with an explosion in research on the genetic basis of disease which culminated in the Human Genome Project HGP , led to a range of genetic screening and testing for diseases traditionally recognized as genetic in origin and for susceptibility to more common diseases such as certain types of familial cancer, cardiac conditions, and neurological disorders among others.
Tests were also useful for forensic, or nonmedical, purposes. Genetic screening techniques are now available in conjunction with in vitro fertilization and other types of reproductive technologies, allowing the screening of fertilized embryos for certain genetic mutations before selection for implantation. At present selection is purely on disease grounds and selection for other traits e.
Finally, genetic technologies are being used in the judicial domain for determination of paternity, often associated with child support claims, and for forensic purposes in cases where DNA material is available for testing. We have continually tried to produce improved varieties while increasing yield, features to aid cultivation and harvesting, disease, and pest resistance, or crop qualities such as longer postharvest storage life and improved taste or nutritional value.
Early changes resulted from random crosspollination, rudimentary grafting, or spontaneous genetic change. The pioneering work of Gregor Mendel and his development of the basic laws of heredity showed for other first time that some of the processes of heredity could be altered by experimental means. The knowledge that genes are linked along the chromosome thereby allowed mapping of genes transduction analysis, conjugation analysis, and transformation analysis.
The power of genetics to produce a desirable plant was established, and it was appreciated that controlled breeding test crosses and back crosses and careful analysis of the progeny could distinguish traits that were dominant or recessive, and establish pure breeding lines. Traditional horticultural techniques of artificial self-pollination and cross-pollination were also used to produce hybrids. In the s the Russian Nikolai Vavilov recognized the value of genetic diversity in domesticated crop plants and their wild relatives to crop improvement, and collected seeds from the wild to study total genetic diversity and use these in breeding programs.
It was also discovered that plant cells and tissues grown in tissue culture would mutate rapidly. In the s, haploid breeding, which involves producing plants from two identical sets of chromosomes, was extensively used to create new cultivars. In the twenty-first century, haploid breeding could speed up plant breeding by shortening the breeding cycle.
The technique of tissue or cell culture, which relates to the growth of tissue or cells within a laboratory setting, underlies a phenomenal proportion of biomedical research. Though it has roots in the late nineteenth century, when numerous scientists tried to grow samples in alien environments, cell culture is credited as truly beginning with the first concrete evidence of successful growth in vitro, demonstrated by Johns Hopkins University embryologist Ross Harrison in Harrison took sections of spinal cord from a frog embryo, placed them on a glass cover slip and bathed the tissue in a nutrient media.
The results of the experiment were startling—for the first time scientists visualized actual nerve growth as it would happen in a living organism—and many other scientists across the U. Rather unwittingly, for he was merely trying to settle a professional dispute regarding the origin of nerve fibers, Harrison fashioned a research tool that has since been designated by many as the greatest advance in medical science since the invention of the microscope.
From the s, cell culture has once again been brought to the forefront of cancer research in the isolation and identification of numerous cancer causing oncogenes. In addition, cell culturing continues to play a crucial role in fields such as cytology, embryology, radiology, and molecular genetics.
In the future, its relevance to direct clinical treatment might be further increased by the growth in culture of stem cells and tissue replacement therapies that can be tailored for a particular individual. Indeed, as cell culture approaches its centenary, it appears that its importance to scientific, medical, and commercial research the world over will only increase in the twenty-first century.
Biotechnology grew out of the technology of fermentation, which was called zymotechnology. This was different from the ancient craft of brewing because of its thought-out relationships to science. These were most famously conceptualized by the Prussian chemist Georg Ernst Stahl — in his treatise Zymotechnia Fundamentalis, in which he introduced the term zymotechnology. Carl Balling, long-serving professor in Prague, the world center of brewing, drew on the work of Stahl when he published his Bericht uber die Fortschritte der zymotechnische Wissenschaften und Gewerbe Account of the Progress of the Zymotechnic Sciences and Arts in the mid-nineteenth century.
He used the idea of zymotechnics to compete with his German contemporary Justus Liebig for whom chemistry was the underpinning of all processes. By the end of the nineteenth century, there were attempts to develop a new scientific study of fermentation. The emergence of the chemical industry is widely taken as emblematic of the formal research and development taking place at the time. The development of microbiological industries is another example. Yet the science and technology of fermentation had a wide range of applications including the manufacture of foods cheese, yogurt, wine, vinegar, and tea , of commodities tobacco and leather , and of chemicals lactic acid, citric acid, and the enzyme takaminase.
The concept of zymotechnology associated principally with the brewing of beer began to appear too limited to its principal exponents. At the time, Denmark was the world leader in creating high-value agricultural produce.
Cooperative farms pioneered intensive pig fattening as well as the mass production of bacon, butter, and beer. It was here that the systems of science and technology were integrated and reintegrated, conceptualized and reconceptualized. The Dane Emil Christian Hansen discovered that infection from wild yeasts was responsible for numerous failed brews. Microorganisms and Fermentation first appeared in Danish and would be translated, reedited, and reissued for the next 60 years.
The scarcity of resources on both sides during World War I brought together science and technology, further development of zymotechnology, and formulation of the concept of biotechnology. Impending and then actual war accelerated the use of fermentation technologies to make strategic materials.
In Britain a variant of a process to ferment starch to make butadiene for synthetic rubber production was adapted to make acetone needed in the manufacture of explosives. The process was technically important as the first industrial sterile fermentation and was strategically important for munitions supplies.
The developer, chemist Chaim Weizmann, later became well known as the first president of Israel in In Germany scarce oil-based lubricants were replaced by glycerol made by fermentation. Animal feed was derived from yeast grown with the aid of the new synthetic ammonia in another wartime development that inspired the coining of the word biotechnology.
Hungary was the agricultural base of the Austro—Hungarian empire and aspired to Danish levels of efficiency. The economist Karl Ereky — planned to go further and build the largest industrial pig-processing factory. He envisioned a site that would fatten 50, swine at a time while railroad cars of sugar beet arrived and fat, hides, and meat departed.
In this forerunner of the Soviet collective farm, peasants in any case now falling prey to the temptations of urban society would be completely superseded by the industrialization of the biological process in large factory-like animal processing units. Ereky went further in his ruminations over the meaning of his innovation.
He suggested that it presaged an industrial revolution that would follow the transformation of chemical technology. In his book entitled Biotechnologie, he linked specific technical injunctions to wide-ranging philosophy.
Ereky was neither isolated nor obscure. He had been trained in the mainstream of reflection on the meaning of the applied sciences in Hungary, which would be remarkably productive across the sciences. Biotechnology represented more than the manipulation of existing organisms.
From the beginning it was concerned with their improvement as well, and this meant the enhancement of all living creatures. Most dramatically this would include humanity itself; more mundanely it would include plants and animals of agricultural importance. The enhancement of people was called eugenics by the Victorian polymath and cousin of Charles Darwin, Francis Galton. Two strains of eugenics emerged: negative eugenics associated with weeding out the weak and positive eugenics associated with enhancing strength.
In the early twentieth century, many eugenics proponents believed that the weak could be made strong. People had after all progressed beyond their biological limits by means of technology. The Scottish biologist and town planner Patrick Geddes made biotechnics popular in the English-speaking world. Geddes, too, sought to link life and technology. Before World War I he had characterized the technological evolution of mankind as a move from the paleotechnic era of coal and iron to the neotechnic era of chemicals, electricity, and steel.
After the war, he detected a new era based on biology—the biotechnic era. Through his friend, writer Lewis Mumford, Geddes would have great influence. A younger generation of English experimental biologists with a special interest in genetics, including J. Haldane, Julian Huxley, and Lancelot Hogben, also promoted a concept of biotechnology in the period between the world wars.
Haldane wrote about biological invention in his far-seeing work Daedalus. Huxley looked forward to a blend of social and eugenics-based biological engineering. Hogben, following Geddes, was more interested in engineering plants through breeding. He tied the progressivism of biology to the advance of socialism. The improvement of the human race, genetic manipulation of bacteria, and the development of fermentation technology were brought together by the development of penicillin during World War II.
This drug was successfully extracted from the juice exuded by a strain of the Penicillium fungus. Large networks of academic and government laboratories and pharmaceutical manufacturers in Britain and the U. An unanticipated combination of genetics, biochemistry, chemistry, and chemical engineering skills had been required. When the natural mold was bombarded with high-frequency radiation, far more productive mutants were produced, and subsequently all the medicine was made using the product of these man-made cells.
By the s penicillin was cheap to produce and globally available. The new technology of cultivating and processing large quantities of microorganisms led to calls for a new scientific discipline. Biochemical engineering was one term, and applied microbiology another. From major international conferences were held under the banner of the Global Impact of Applied Microbiology. Even when you start your career you will have to search and experiment on a regular basis to cope up with the new inventions and fast pacing world.
As a student, you will often have to write complex academic assignments that require hard work, search, critically planning and exploring new aspects. You can only create a winning assignment if you choose to write about fresh ideas and new discoveries. It is most likely that the first few topics that come to your mind under this topic would be already taken. You need to make sure that the niche you choose to address is unique and fresh.
If other researchers have already talked about this before you, then there is no point in writing it. If you are to choose an interesting topic in biotechnology then you should think of something that actually interests you. When you write about your passions, you have a lot to include in the assignment because you have a genuine interest in it.
The topic of the paper will vary depending upon your interests and preferences. To choose a winning topic for your research paper, consider the following samples. Remember that these are only suggestions and you would have to rephrase and alter them on your own if you decide to use one of them. These are some important topics that you should consider while writing an impressive research paper on biotechnology.
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