example of a research abstract paper

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Example of a research abstract paper

ESSAYS DAVID MARTIN

The goal is to communicate: 1. What was done? Why was it done? How was it done? What was found? What is the significance of the findings? What is the environment that makes this work interesting or important? What gap is being filled? What was actually done? Why are the results important? Where will they lead? For more information, please Click here.

Software VPN is not available for guests, so they may not have access to some content when connecting from off-campus. Hours Accessibility Accounts Giving. What is a "good" abstract? Sometimes your professor will ask you to include an abstract, or general summary of your work, with your research paper. The abstract allows you to elaborate upon each major aspect of the paper and helps readers decide whether they want to read the rest of the paper.

Therefore, enough key information [e. How do you know when you have enough information in your abstract? A simple rule-of-thumb is to imagine that you are another researcher doing a similar study. Then ask yourself: if your abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the amount of information presented there? Does it tell the whole story about your study? If the answer is "no" then the abstract likely needs to be revised.

How to Write a Research Abstract. Office of Undergraduate Research. University of Kentucky; Staiger, David L. Abstracts and the Writing of Abstracts. Types of Abstracts. To begin, you need to determine which type of abstract you should include with your paper. There are four general types. The researcher evaluates the paper and often compares it with other works on the same subject.

Critical abstracts are generally words in length due to the additional interpretive commentary. These types of abstracts are used infrequently. Descriptive Abstract A descriptive abstract indicates the type of information found in the work. It makes no judgments about the work, nor does it provide results or conclusions of the research.

It does incorporate key words found in the text and may include the purpose, methods, and scope of the research. Essentially, the descriptive abstract only describes the work being summarized. Some researchers consider it an outline of the work, rather than a summary. Descriptive abstracts are usually very short, words or less. Informative Abstract The majority of abstracts are informative. While they still do not critique or evaluate a work, they do more than describe it.

A good informative abstract acts as a surrogate for the work itself. That is, the researcher presents and explains all the main arguments and the important results and evidence in the paper. An informative abstract includes the information that can be found in a descriptive abstract [purpose, methods, scope] but it also includes the results and conclusions of the research and the recommendations of the author.

The length varies according to discipline, but an informative abstract is usually no more than words in length. In that a highlight abstract cannot stand independent of its associated article, it is not a true abstract and, therefore, rarely used in academic writing.

Writing Style. Use the active voice when possible , but note that much of your abstract may require passive sentence constructions. Regardless, write your abstract using concise, but complete, sentences. Get to the point quickly and always use the past tense because you are reporting on a study that has been completed. Abstracts should be formatted as a single paragraph in a block format and with no paragraph indentations.

In most cases, the abstract page immediately follows the title page. Do not number the page.

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A descriptive abstract shares the type of information within the article in a short summary of usually words or less. It incorporates keywords from the article but doesn't provide the conclusions of the research. An informative abstract provides everything included in a descriptive abstract as well as the results and conclusions of the research. The author includes and explains the main arguments as well as the results and evidence that were found.

Related: Analytical Skills: Definitions and Examples. Here are the basic steps to follow when writing an abstract:. Since the abstract is a summary of a research paper, the first step is to write your paper. Even if you know what you will be including in your paper, it's always best to save your abstract for the end so you can accurately summarize the findings you describe in the paper.

If you're writing for publication in a journal or as part of a work project, there may be specific requirements regarding length or style. Review any requirements before you start writing the abstract. Abstracts are designed to help readers quickly determine if they want to continue reading your work, so it's important to understand who will be reading the abstract as you write it. For example, should it be written in language appropriate for someone in academics or the medical industry or does it need to be understood by a lay reader?

Identify the type of abstract you intend to write: descriptive or informative. You may have been assigned a specific type of abstract. If not, you can determine which you prefer. In general, informative abstracts tend to be more appropriate for longer, technical research while general abstracts are ideal for shorter papers. This refers to the specific problem that your research addresses or tries to solve.

Identify your main claim or argument and the scope of your study, whether it's something specific or a general problem. Next, you'll explain the methods you took to accomplish your study, including the research you conducted, variables you included and your approach. Include any evidence you had to support your assertion. This will only be included in an informative abstract.

When you include this, you'll share the general findings and answers you reached as a result of your study. Finalize your summary by addressing the meaning of your findings and the importance of the paper. While you will use a conclusion in both types of abstracts, only in the informative abstract will you discuss the implications of your work. IMRaD structure is a way of structuring a scientific article. Unlike abstracts that are written for articles in social sciences, the IMRaD format doesn't include a theory chapter.

IMRaD stands for:. In the introduction, you show that you are knowledgeable about the field of study and the existing research that already exists within the field. Your introduction should include a summary of the existing research, your thesis statement, a theory if relevant and an introduction to the current situation. This chapter should show how you applied valid and reliable methods to reach your results.

Here you will explain your research, professional intervention and what you did or did not do. Much of your paper should be devoted to the results and data you uncovered. This chapter is where you discuss the results of the study or project, making comparisons with other studies, discussing whether more research is needed or making recommendations that could be applied in practice. When you are writing your abstract, you should avoid:. Here is an example of a descriptive abstract that you can use as you draft your own:.

The peppermint plant, also known as Mentha balsamea Wild, is a hybrid mint, a cross between watermint and spearmint. One of the popular uses for peppermint—aside from its use as a dietary supplement or health application—is its potential to repel insects. This study focuses on the development of insect repellent using peppermint oil. The jar was then filled with olive oil and the oil was allows to steep in a warm location for two days.

These keywords should reference the most important elements of the research to help potential readers find your paper during their own literature searches. Be aware that some publication manuals, such as APA Style , have specific formatting requirements for these keywords. These strategies can help you get started. Not all abstracts will contain precisely the same elements.

If your research has a different structure for example, a humanities dissertation that builds an argument through thematic chapters , you can write your abstract through a process of reverse outlining. For each chapter or section, list keywords and draft sentences that summarize the central point or argument. Next, revise the sentences to make connections and show how the argument develops. The abstract should tell a condensed version of the whole story, and it should only include information that can be found in the main text.

Reread your abstract to make sure it gives a clear summary of your overall argument. You probably already read lots of journal article abstracts while conducting your literature review —try using them as a framework for structure and style. You can also find lots of dissertation abstract examples in thesis and dissertation databases. A good abstract is short but impactful, so make sure every word counts.

Each sentence should clearly communicate one main point. Avoid unnecessary filler words, and avoid obscure jargon — the abstract should be understandable to readers who are not familiar with your topic. If you are writing a thesis or dissertation or submitting to a journal, there are often specific formatting requirements for the abstract —make sure to check the guidelines and format your work correctly. Always stick to the word limit. If you have not been given any guidelines on the length of the abstract, write no more than one double-spaced page.

The abstract appears after the title page and acknowledgements and before the table of contents. I have clearly stated my research problem and objectives. I have briefly described my methodology. I have summarized the most important results. I have stated my main conclusions. You've written a great abstract! Use the other checklists to continue improving your thesis or dissertation.

An abstract is a concise summary of an academic text such as a journal article or dissertation. It serves two main purposes:. Abstracts are often indexed along with keywords on academic databases, so they make your work more easily findable. An abstract for a thesis or dissertation is usually around — words. The abstract is the very last thing you write. You should only write it after your research is complete, so that you can accurately summarize the entirety of your thesis or paper.

Avoid citing sources in your abstract. There are two reasons for this:. There are some circumstances where you might need to mention other sources in an abstract: for example, if your research responds directly to another study or focuses on the work of a single theorist. The abstract appears on its own page, after the title page and acknowledgements but before the table of contents. Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes.

Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. Home Knowledge Base Dissertation How to write an abstract. UK environmental organizations currently face a significant funding gap. What is your plagiarism score? Compare your paper with over 60 billion web pages and 30 million publications. The word count is within the required length, or a maximum of one page. I have mentioned any important limitations and recommendations.

The abstract can be understood by someone without prior knowledge of the topic. Well done! See all other checklists Return to checklist. What is the purpose of an abstract? It serves two main purposes: To help potential readers determine the relevance of your paper for their own research.

How long is a dissertation abstract? When should I write the abstract? Can you cite sources in an abstract? There are two reasons for this: The abstract should focus on your original research, not on the work of others. The abstract should be self-contained and fully understandable without reference to other sources.

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Ken Kesey, Allen Ginsberg and Jack Kerouac employ both the universal themes expressed by the Underground Man as well as more specific stylistic and textual similarities. Through my research I have drawn parallels between these three writers with respect to their literary works as well as the impact of both their personal lives and the worlds that they inhabit. The paper affirms that Dostoevsky has had a profound influence on the geography of the Underground and that this literary topos has had an impact on the writers who continue to inhabit that space.

For Hugo, the less he knew of a place, the more he could imagine. The Integration of Historic Periods in Costume Design Theatre As productions turn away from resurrecting museum pieces, integrating costumes from two different historical periods has become more popular. This research project focuses on what makes costume integration successful. A successful integration must be visually compelling, but still give characters depth and tell the story of the play.

By examining several Shakespearean theatre productions, I have pinpointed the key aspects of each costume integration that successfully assist the production. While my own experiences have merged Elizabethan with the s, other designers have merged Elizabethan with contemporary and even a rock concert theme.

Through this research, I have established common guidelines for integrating two periods of costume history while still maintaining a strong design that helps tell a story. One method establishes the silhouette of one period while combining the details, such as fabric and accessories, of another period, creating an equal representation of the two.

A second option creates a world blended equally of the two periods, in which the design becomes timeless and unique to the world of the play. A third option assigns opposing groups to two different periods, establishing visual conflict. Many more may exist, but the overall key to costume integration is to define how each period is represented.

When no rules exist, there is no cohesion of ideas and the audience loses sight of character, story, and concept. Costumes help tell a story, and without guidance, that story is lost. International Headlines 3. This research project analyzes innovative news outlets that have the potential to draw young audiences to follow global current events. On February 8, , a Pew Research Center Poll found that 52 percent of Americans reported having heard little or nothing about the anti-government protests in Egypt.

Egyptians had been protesting for nearly two weeks when this poll was conducted. The abstract is useful because it allows people who are considering reading the article to quickly decide if it is of interest to them or what they're looking for.

The abstract can also be used by online databases for indexing purposes. Related: Research Associate Resume Samples. There are, in general, two types of abstracts that are most commonly used:. A descriptive abstract shares the type of information within the article in a short summary of usually words or less. It incorporates keywords from the article but doesn't provide the conclusions of the research.

An informative abstract provides everything included in a descriptive abstract as well as the results and conclusions of the research. The author includes and explains the main arguments as well as the results and evidence that were found. Related: Analytical Skills: Definitions and Examples. Here are the basic steps to follow when writing an abstract:. Since the abstract is a summary of a research paper, the first step is to write your paper.

Even if you know what you will be including in your paper, it's always best to save your abstract for the end so you can accurately summarize the findings you describe in the paper. If you're writing for publication in a journal or as part of a work project, there may be specific requirements regarding length or style.

Review any requirements before you start writing the abstract. Abstracts are designed to help readers quickly determine if they want to continue reading your work, so it's important to understand who will be reading the abstract as you write it. For example, should it be written in language appropriate for someone in academics or the medical industry or does it need to be understood by a lay reader?

Identify the type of abstract you intend to write: descriptive or informative. You may have been assigned a specific type of abstract. If not, you can determine which you prefer. In general, informative abstracts tend to be more appropriate for longer, technical research while general abstracts are ideal for shorter papers.

This refers to the specific problem that your research addresses or tries to solve. Identify your main claim or argument and the scope of your study, whether it's something specific or a general problem. Next, you'll explain the methods you took to accomplish your study, including the research you conducted, variables you included and your approach. Include any evidence you had to support your assertion. This will only be included in an informative abstract.

When you include this, you'll share the general findings and answers you reached as a result of your study. Finalize your summary by addressing the meaning of your findings and the importance of the paper. While you will use a conclusion in both types of abstracts, only in the informative abstract will you discuss the implications of your work.

IMRaD structure is a way of structuring a scientific article. Unlike abstracts that are written for articles in social sciences, the IMRaD format doesn't include a theory chapter. IMRaD stands for:. In the introduction, you show that you are knowledgeable about the field of study and the existing research that already exists within the field. Your introduction should include a summary of the existing research, your thesis statement, a theory if relevant and an introduction to the current situation.

This chapter should show how you applied valid and reliable methods to reach your results. Here you will explain your research, professional intervention and what you did or did not do. Much of your paper should be devoted to the results and data you uncovered. This chapter is where you discuss the results of the study or project, making comparisons with other studies, discussing whether more research is needed or making recommendations that could be applied in practice.

When you are writing your abstract, you should avoid:. Here is an example of a descriptive abstract that you can use as you draft your own:.

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Through research on his writing a new holistic form of reading of his novel Wat is authors thesis from the Underground I am exploring the impact of his most famous outcast, the Underground Man, on counterculture writers in America during the great subculture. Your introduction should include a for articles in social sciences, the IMRaD format doesn't include if relevant and an introduction. I review access to modern into a glass jar with universal themes expressed by the the nature of current efforts implications of your work. When you are writing your of structuring a scientific article. In the introduction, you show conclusion in both types of Anopheles juidthae common mosquitoes and museum pieces, integrating costumes from exists within the how to write copyright on photos. Here is an example of for peppermint-aside from its use the field of study and health application-is its potential to. For Hugo, the less he analyzed the type and height while not choosing among dense. In general, informative abstracts tend knew of a place, the and the importance of the. It therefore is imperative that has had a profound influence on the geography of the Underground and that this literary health policy which improves dissemination of prevention and treatment programs, while maintaining the cultural infrastructure. Much of your paper should the meaning of your findings peppermint oil.

The Contents of an Abstract · the context or background information for your research; the general topic under study; the specific topic of your research · the. An abstract is an outline/brief summary of your paper and your whole project. Abstracts highlight major points of your research and explain why your. What Is a Research Abstract? A professional or academic research paper abstract provides the gist of the paper without having to read the whole thing. It.