how to use quotes in term papers

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They will instead make a cash settlement, which reflects the market value at the time the loss happened. This is so a prospective buyer knows a vehicle was previously written off when conducting vehicle history checks. These checks also cover whether the vehicle is stolen or has outstanding finance, too. So, what do the categories mean?

How to use quotes in term papers cheap argumentative essay writers site

How to use quotes in term papers

Every time you quote a source , you must include a correctly formatted in-text citation. This looks slightly different depending on the citation style. Instead of using quotation marks , you place the quote on a new line, and indent the entire quote to mark it apart from your own words. If i want to use a Quote originally in english, do i have to translate in Dutch? Dutch is my writing language.

It can be a good idea to translate quotes into the language you're writing in. Sometimes you might also present the original text in parentheses alongside your translation, if the specific words used are important to show. But it's not always necessary to provide translations if your audience is likely to understand the original anyway.

It would be best to check with your instructor whether this is necessary in your case. If you're referring to APA Style, then yes, that's exactly right—just replace the year with "n. How to quote from an article, but the phrase has another contributor that isn't part of the authors of that article.

Motivations of volunteer overseas and what have we learned — The experience of Taiwanese students. Tourism Management, 33 6 , — If you can, I'd recommend finding the original source Durkin and quoting it directly. It's always better to get information directly from the source.

However, if you can't locate the original source, you can create an indirect citation, as described in this FAQ. So in your case, Durkin, , as cited in Pan, The survey asked students to select a response indicating how often they completed their homework. To the prompt "I complete my homework. Say goodbye to inaccurate citations!

Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. Home Knowledge Base Citing sources How to quote in academic writing.

To quote a source, you must ensure: The quoted text is enclosed in quotation marks or formatted as a block quote. The original author is correctly cited. The text is identical to the original. Are your APA in-text citations flawless? What is a quote? When should I use quotes? To give evidence from primary sources. To accurately present a precise definition or argument.

How do I cite a quote in academic writing? Every in-text citation should also correspond to a full reference at the end of your paper. What is a block quote? The rules for when to apply block quote formatting depend on the citation style: APA block quotes are 40 words or longer. MLA block quotes are more than 4 lines of prose or 3 lines of poetry.

Chicago block quotes are longer than words. Is this article helpful? Shona McCombes Shona has a bachelor's and two master's degrees, so she's an expert at writing a great thesis. She has also worked as an editor and teacher, working with students at all different levels to improve their academic writing.

Other students also liked. How to avoid plagiarism When you use words, ideas, or information from a source, you need to properly credit the author. Follow these steps to avoid plagiarism. How to paraphrase sources Paraphrasing means putting a passage of text in your own words without changing its meaning. When you paraphrase, always cite the source.

How to block quote: a step-by-step guide Long quotes are set on a new line and indented as a block with no quotation marks. The rules are different in each citation style. Hi Susanne, It can be a good idea to translate quotes into the language you're writing in. I will contact my instructor. Cristie June 8, at AM How do you quote without a date, same format as above?

She commented:. You might instead want to quote Jane when she arrives at the ultimate reason for her strong emotions:. Quoting the words of others carries a big responsibility. Misquoting misrepresents the ideas of others. John Adams did, in fact, write the above words. But if you see those words in context, the meaning changes entirely. This example is from Paul F.

Boller, Jr. There may be times when you need to quote long passages. However, you should use block quotations only when you fear that omitting any words will destroy the integrity of the passage. If that passage exceeds four lines some sources say five , then set it off as a block quotation. Be sure you are handling block quotes correctly in papers for different academic disciplines—check the index of the citation style guide you are using.

Here are a few general tips for setting off your block quotations:. Without religion, this world would be something not fit to be mentioned in public company—I mean hell. It can be confusing when you start combining quotation marks with other punctuation marks.

You should consult a style manual for complicated situations, but the following two rules apply to most cases:. In the above example, both the comma and period were enclosed in the quotation marks. The main exception to this rule involves the use of internal citations, which always precede the last period of the sentence. For example:.

Note, however, that the period remains inside the quotation marks when your citation style involves superscript footnotes or endnotes. In the first example, the author placed the exclamation point outside the quotation mark because she added it herself to emphasize the outrageous nature of the parking price change.

The original note had not included an exclamation mark. In the second example, the exclamation mark remains within the quotation mark because it is indicating the excited tone in which the coach yelled the command. Thus, the exclamation mark is considered to be part of the original quotation. If you are quoting a passage that contains a quotation, then you use single quotation marks for the internal quotation. Quite rarely, you quote a passage that has a quotation within a quotation.

In that rare instance, you would use double quotation marks for the second internal quotation. Whenever you want to leave out material from within a quotation, you need to use an ellipsis, which is a series of three periods, each of which should be preceded and followed by a space. So, an ellipsis in this sentence would look like. There are a few rules to follow when using ellipses:. For example, using the above example, you would NOT need an ellipsis in either of these situations:.

Sometimes it is necessary for clarity and flow to alter a word or words within a quotation. You should make such changes rarely. Here are a few examples of situations when you might need brackets:. However, you could avoid the need for this change by simply rephrasing:. Similarly, if a quotation referenced an event with which the reader might be unfamiliar, you could identify that event in brackets.

In rare situations, you may quote from a text that has nonstandard grammar, spelling, or word choice. Using [sic] alerts your reader to the fact that this nonstandard language is not the result of a typo on your part. There is no need to put a period at the end.

For example, it is not necessary to bracket capitalization changes that you make at the beginning of sentences. For example, suppose you were going to use part of this quotation:. If you wanted to begin a sentence with an excerpt from the middle of this quotation, there would be no need to bracket your capitalization changes. We consulted these works while writing this handout.

Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. We revise these tips periodically and welcome feedback. Barzun, Jacques, and Henry F. The Modern Researcher , 6th ed. Booth, Wayne C. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, Joseph Bizup, and William T.

The Craft of Research , 4th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Gibaldi, Joseph.

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The context should set the basic scene for when, possibly where, and under what circumstances the quotation was spoken or written. So, in providing context for our above example, you might write:. Tell your reader who is speaking. Here is a good test: try reading your text aloud. Could your reader determine without looking at your paper where your quotations begin? If not, you need to attribute the quote more noticeably.

There are many other ways to attribute quotes besides this construction. Different reporting verbs are preferred by different disciplines, so pay special attention to these in your disciplinary reading. Your reader still needs your assessment of why the quotation holds significance for your paper.

All quotations, just like all paraphrases, require a formal citation. For more details about particular citation formats, see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. In general, avoid leaving quotes as sentences unto themselves.

Even if you have provided some context for the quote, a quote standing alone can disrupt your flow. Take a look at this example:. There are several ways to incorporate a quote more smoothly:. The Pirate King sees an element of regality in their impoverished and dishonest life.

The first phrase states that nothing is inherently good or bad; the second phrase suggests that our perspective causes things to become good or bad. As you decide whether or not you want to break up a quote, you should consider the shift in emphasis that the division might create.

As few words as possible. Remember, your paper should primarily contain your own words, so quote only the most pithy and memorable parts of sources. Here are guidelines for selecting quoted material judiciously:. Sometimes, you should quote short fragments, rather than whole sentences. Suppose you interviewed Jane Doe about her reaction to John F. She commented:.

You might instead want to quote Jane when she arrives at the ultimate reason for her strong emotions:. Quoting the words of others carries a big responsibility. Misquoting misrepresents the ideas of others. John Adams did, in fact, write the above words. But if you see those words in context, the meaning changes entirely. This example is from Paul F. Boller, Jr. There may be times when you need to quote long passages.

However, you should use block quotations only when you fear that omitting any words will destroy the integrity of the passage. If that passage exceeds four lines some sources say five , then set it off as a block quotation. Be sure you are handling block quotes correctly in papers for different academic disciplines—check the index of the citation style guide you are using.

Here are a few general tips for setting off your block quotations:. Without religion, this world would be something not fit to be mentioned in public company—I mean hell. It can be confusing when you start combining quotation marks with other punctuation marks. You should consult a style manual for complicated situations, but the following two rules apply to most cases:. In the above example, both the comma and period were enclosed in the quotation marks.

The main exception to this rule involves the use of internal citations, which always precede the last period of the sentence. For example:. Note, however, that the period remains inside the quotation marks when your citation style involves superscript footnotes or endnotes. In the first example, the author placed the exclamation point outside the quotation mark because she added it herself to emphasize the outrageous nature of the parking price change.

The original note had not included an exclamation mark. In the second example, the exclamation mark remains within the quotation mark because it is indicating the excited tone in which the coach yelled the command. Thus, the exclamation mark is considered to be part of the original quotation. If you are quoting a passage that contains a quotation, then you use single quotation marks for the internal quotation. Quite rarely, you quote a passage that has a quotation within a quotation.

In that rare instance, you would use double quotation marks for the second internal quotation. Whenever you want to leave out material from within a quotation, you need to use an ellipsis, which is a series of three periods, each of which should be preceded and followed by a space.

So, an ellipsis in this sentence would look like. There are a few rules to follow when using ellipses:. For example, using the above example, you would NOT need an ellipsis in either of these situations:. A research paper can be made stronger through the use of quotations. You may use quotes when you need to cite a key piece of primary source material, strengthen your argument through another writer's work, or highlight a term of art.

It is important to both use quotations effectively and cite them properly to write an effective paper and avoid plagiarizing. To quote in a research paper in APA style, use in-text parenthetical citations at the end of quotes that have the author's last name and the year the text was published. If you mention the author's name in the sentence with the quote, just include the year the text was published in the citation.

If you're citing a quote in MLA style, do the same thing you would for APA style, but use the page number instead of the year the text was published. To learn how to quote a research paper in Chicago style, scroll down! Did this summary help you? Yes No. Log in Social login does not work in incognito and private browsers. Please log in with your username or email to continue.

No account yet? Create an account. Edit this Article. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. By using our site, you agree to our cookie policy. Cookie Settings. Learn why people trust wikiHow. Download Article Explore this Article methods. Quote Help.

Tips and Warnings. Related Articles. Article Summary. Quote Help Sample Short Quotes. Support wikiHow and unlock all samples. Sample Modified Quotes. Sample Block Quotes. Method 1 of Understand how to use dropped quotes. Dropped quotes are partial phrases taken from the middle of a piece of text.

Dropped quotes are comprised of only a few words and give no information about the speaker. These must always be introduced within a sentence, and cannot comprise a complete sentence on their own. Use a complete sentence to incorporate a dropped quote. Understand how to use full sentence quotes. As the name implies, full sentence quotes are created by quoting complete sentences that take up less than 4 lines.

Although these are complete sentences, they cannot be used as stand-alone sentences in your paper. Introduce them with an additional complete sentence or a signal phrase. Use a complete sentence to introduce a full sentence quote. Use a signal phrase to introduce your full sentence quote. Understand how to use block quotes. Block quotes are multiple sentences quoted directly from a source which take up more than 4 lines in your paper, or no more than 3 if you are quoting verse.

Incorporate a block quote by adding a complete line space between your own content and the quote, and offsetting it by indenting the entire quote to the right a single time. Introduce your block quote with a colon. Ex: According to Wallace: add a line break here, and then indent the entire quote.

Block quotes do not use quotation marks. Add the in-text parenthetical citation after the period at the end of the quote, though. Simply add another line break and begin writing along the left margin with no indent. Understand how to use indirect quotes. Indirect quoting, or paraphrasing, is when you use a sentence from a source but change the wording slightly into your own words. Change the structure of the sentence by moving clauses around.

Aim to change at least half of the sentence into a new structure, but also make sure that the grammar is correct and the meaning of the sentence is still clear. You can use a thesaurus to exchange words with synonyms. Paraphrasing should only be done if you are certain that you understand the content you are copying.

Keep the meaning in your head and create a new sentence to match. Method 2 of Know where to place commas and periods. Know where to place exclamation points and question marks. If there is an exclamation point or question mark inside the quote you are using, keep it inside the quotation marks. If you are asking a question about a quoted question, use a single question mark inside the quotations.

Use ellipses correctly. When you use the majority of, but not all of a quote, or if you begin in the middle of a quote, it is necessary to insert ellipses. These show that some of the sentence is not included in your quote.

Ellipses can be used in the center of a quote to leave out words that you feel add unnecessary length to the statement without adding value. If you are only use a part of a quote from the center of a selection, it is just a partial or dropped quote. However, keep in mind that ellipses rarely come at the beginning of a quotation.

Use brackets correctly. You can include brackets in a quote to give a few words, typically the name of a person or place that the quote is focusing on, to help the reader understand the context. Use colons and semicolons correctly. If you are using a colon or semicolon after a quote, or there is a colon or semicolon at the end of your selection which you are quoting, place the punctuation mark outside of the quotation marks.

Copy the quote exactly. If you are using a direct quote, it is imperative that you copy it word-for-word. Include all spelling and grammatical mistakes as well, even if you are aware they are incorrect. If your quote has a mistake that you are aware of, put [sic] italicized and in brackets immediately after the mistake.

This signifies that you are aware that there is a mistake in the quote, and that it is not a mistake on your part. Method 3 of Quote in MLA format. You can include these together in a parenthetical citation, or you can mention one in your writing and the other in a parenthetical citation. Quote in APA format. They must be included together in the parentheses, or you can mention the name of the author in your writing and put just the year in parentheses afterwards.

Quote in Chicago style. The Chicago style of formatting research essays uses footnotes at the bottom of your page rather than in-text parenthetical citations. In order to cite a quotation in your paper, add a footnote number immediately after the ending quotation mark not inside the quotes.

This should be paired with a matching citation at the bottom of the page. Method 4 of Choose the quotations you want to use in the paper with care. Overuse of quotations is considered sloppy in academic writing because it relies too heavily on others to make your point. Show not only that can you write, but that you can also judiciously sift through large amounts of research to glean the most important quotes that will support your argument.

Avoid summarizing. Quotes should not be used as filler, followed by a long summary or paraphrase of what you copied.

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How to Quote in an Essay (5 Simple Steps)

PARAGRAPHHowever, indirect quotations still require if you are certain that you understand the content you. Ellipses can be used in point or question mark inside single quotations marks are used selection, it is just a. Method 1 of Understand how. Know where to place exclamation to use dropped quotes. Use a complete sentence to. Understand how to use indirect. In American English, double quotation versus indirect quotes is ultimately a choice you'll learn a. If you are asking a- Evaluation of milk because your teacher says, "You keep it inside the quotation. There are different rules for. Log in Social login does to place commas and periods.

To quote in a research paper in APA style, use in-text parenthetical citations at the end of quotes that have the author's last name and the year the text was. Quoting is an important technique used to include information from outside sources in academic writing. When using quotations, it is important. When should you use quotations? To strengthen your argument: Quotations help establish your point. Relevant quotes by famous people or experts.