Unsafe sexual practices have drastic consequences on sexual and Unsafe sexual practices have drastic consequences on sexual and reproductive health and contributes immensely to maternal mortality. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine how level of knowledge and behavioural skill predicts contraceptive-use among female undergraduates in a selected university in Ogun state, Nigeria. Methodology: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among female undergraduates using a validated interviewer administered questionnaire.
Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and Logistic regression analysis was used to determine which construct best predicts contraceptive-use using SPSS version Results: Study revealed level of knowledge of respondents was 6. Conclusion: Findings from this study shows there is need for sensitization and empowerment of women with the aim of increasing their behavioural skill as knowledge alone is not sufficient in increasing the use of contraceptives where sexual abstinence is impracticable.
Associated risk factors and pulsed field gel electrophoresis of nasal isolates of Staphylococcus aureus from medical students in a tertiary hospital in Lagos, Nigeria. Characteristics of medical students completing an honors program in pathology. The Honors Program in pathology at Jefferson Medical College provides a voluntary enrichment opportunity for students who have demonstrated a superior ability to cope with the pathology curriculum and who rank in the upper fifth of their The Honors Program in pathology at Jefferson Medical College provides a voluntary enrichment opportunity for students who have demonstrated a superior ability to cope with the pathology curriculum and who rank in the upper fifth of their class.
This study was performed to determine whether honor students possess cognitive and psychosocial attributes that distinguish them from their classmates. Comparisons between these three groups were made on the basis of selected measures of academic achievement retrieved from the Jefferson Longitudinal Study database and psychosocial data obtained from a questionnaire completed during the first-year orientation. Curricular reform may improve students' performance on externally administered comprehensive examinations.
The sophomore The sophomore Pathology Course at Jefferson Medical College JMC in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, was completely restructured in , with greater emphasis placed on independent study, small group teaching, and case study discussion. We used the scores of JMC medical students on the National Board of Medical Examiners NBME Part I Examination to compare the performance of JMC students who completed their medical education before curricular change entering classes with the performance of subsequent generations of students who were taught according to the reformed curriculum entering classes Relationship of students' perceptions of faculty to scholastic achievement: are popular instructors better educators?
Student evaluation of the faculty is a standard practice in most medical schools. Implied in these evaluations is the motion that popular instructors ie, those considered outstanding by the students are better educators, whose teaching Implied in these evaluations is the motion that popular instructors ie, those considered outstanding by the students are better educators, whose teaching translates into higher scores for their students on examinations.
Objective measures of academic achievement included scores on final comprehensive examinations, final course grade, and performance on the United States Medical Licensing Examination USMLE. During the 4 years studied to , students belonging to groups with the highest ratings for their instruction performed no better than those with the poorest ratings. Testing of medical students with open-ended, uncued questions. A written examination based on material covered in the first year of medical school anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and neuroscience was administered to medical students immediately before they began the pathology course to assess A written examination based on material covered in the first year of medical school anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and neuroscience was administered to medical students immediately before they began the pathology course to assess their knowledge of the basic science content that is important for the study of pathology.
In alternate years the questions were presented in the standard multiple choice question MCQ format or in an open-ended, uncued question Un-Q format. The discrimination indices, which measure the ability of the test questions to distinguish between students of varying ability, were comparable. Because the answer sheets for Un-Q tests Medical students writing letters to their patients: Teaching communication and empathy.
The attitude of medical students to psychiatric patients and their disorders and the influence of psychiatric study placements in bringing about changes in attitude. The attitude of medical students to psychiatric patients and their disorders and the influence of psychiatric study placements in bringing about changes in …. Understanding students' readiness for interprofessional learning in an Asian context: a mixed-methods study.
Healthcare is generally provided by various health professionals acting together. Unfortunately, poor communication and collaboration within such healthcare teams often prevent its members from actively engaging in collaborative Unfortunately, poor communication and collaboration within such healthcare teams often prevent its members from actively engaging in collaborative decision-making.
Interprofessional education IPE which prepares health professionals for their collaborative role in the healthcare system may partially address this problem. The questionnaire included factors that could potentially influence readin Patients' appreciation of pre-clinical student performance in primary healthcare centres in Indonesia.
This study explored whether patients of PHC centres would accept This study explored whether patients of PHC centres would accept third-year pre-clinical students practicing clinical skills with them. Immediately after being seen by a pre-clinical student--supervised by a general physician patients of PHC centres participated in a structured, eight-question interview.
Interviews were transcribed verbatim and coded to collate and interpret answers to the questions. Most of the patients were satisfied with the clinical performance of their pre-clinical student. Negative comments regarding some students addressed lack of confidence, being nervous, unable to provide satisfactory explanation and education and failure to speak the local language.
Some patients suggested more practice for these students in PHC centres. Patients in Indonesian PHC centres generally appreciated healt Related Topics. Follow Following. Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens. Orthopedic Surgery. Periodontal Disease. Curriculum and Pedagogy. In most cases, such exceptional instances are usually vital disclosures of information, and are aimed at ensuring the well being of the patient and other stake holders. All human beings usually have a desire for privacy, whereby they expect all their shared private information to be kept and used discretely.
Every human being harbors some fear of disapproval and any embarrassing situations, and disclosure to private information may lead to such embarrassments and disapproval from the society. Some aspects of human beings such as sexuality are treated with privacy, and any disclosure of problems associated with such aspects may make a patient feel uncomfortable.
Also, confidentiality is essential to protect the patient from stigmatization or discrimination by other societal members. For example, some diseases are viewed with stigma, and patients would not want people to know that they suffer from those diseases. Also, confidentiality through protection of unauthorized access may prevent information from being used against a patient.
There are some instances when confidentiality should be deemed as critical. For example, if a patient shares his or her sexual history or issues related to sexually transmitted diseases, it would be critical to ensure that such information remains confidential and private. If a practitioner has access to test results of a patient that show the patient to be suffering from an STD, he should ensure that the information is not shared with others since all people would want such information to remain confidential.
Also, adolescent sexuality should be treated with confidentiality since young people at this stage are usually highly sensitive about such information. This is because psychiatric conditions require confidentiality to ensure that an effective therapeutic relationship is created between a patient and the practitioner Jenkins, There are some instances where ethics and law require that the practitioner should disclose medical information regarding to patients Jenkins, The first instance whereby the practitioner may be allowed to disclose the information is when a patient consents to such disclosure by waiving his right to confidentiality.
Also, there are some cases of illnesses and injuries that should be reported to public medical agencies for monitoring of disease or injury prevalence. For example, there are certain diseases that should be reported to the medical agencies especially various outbreaks.
In epidemiological studies, such information can be vital for various studies, and new diseases can also be discussed with an aim of finding the most appropriate treatments or vaccinations Nancy, The other instance where strict confidentiality may be over ruled is in the case where a patient is a threat to himself or others. Also, the State or government can request for information disclosure in the case of a court order or during legal defense.
The government or the state provides that some medical conditions must be reported to the authorities and law enforcement agencies. This is usually extremely beneficial in cases where there is an evidence of criminal activities taking place in the society Nancy, It is expected that any doctor who comes across a person injured by a gun must report such an incident to the authorities immediately. The doctor does not have to get the consent of the patient because; it is only ethical that criminal activities are reported to law enforcement agencies as soon as possible.
The other ethical considerations that should be emphasized on are issues to do with a patient who has evidence of physical or sexual abuse. A woman may go to the hospital with burn wounds and confide to the doctor that the injuries were inflicted by her husband. In such a case, the doctor has ethical right to disclose such information to the authorities.
The same applies to children who go to a hospital exhibiting physical and emotional abuse, and such cases should be reported so as to curb similar or future incidences. The physician or practitioner may need to appear in court to testify against the culprit in case the issue reaches the court. Legally, medical practitioners may be charged with civil or criminal cases for failure to disclose such vital information Nancy, The first ethical dilemma occurs in the case of managed care or health-care provided by organizations.
For instance, companies have contracted health care providers who offer insurance services to employees under the cover. The maid may not be able to restrict the medical exam results to be accessed by her employer no matter how private information is. On the other hand, the employer may not employ the maid in case such information is not availed to him. The authorities may need to know every detail of the prisoners while the prisoner may feel embarrassed or fear for such disclosure.
In the recent past, another ethical issue has been the electronic medical records that seem to be used in most health care settings due to the advancements in technology. The doctor dealing with a particular patient may not be the same person who enters the information in the system, meaning that there are certain third parties such as clerks, accountants, pharmacists and system administrators Jenkins, The above paper has discussed the issue of confidentiality as part of medical ethics in the health care setting.
The paper successfully defined medical confidentiality and explained its role and importance to the patients. It has also explained statutory duties that form a basis for ethical decisions among health care practitioners when confronted with an issue where confidentiality should be overruled. It has also given the dilemmas involved in making ethical considerations regarding confidentiality matters in health care. Jenkins, P. Electronic patient records and client confidentiality.
Lienhart, A. Mir, S. Journal Of Health Care Compliance, 13 3 , Nancy, W. Journal Of Emergency Nursing, Doi We accept sample papers from students via the submission form. If this essay belongs to you and you no longer want us to display it, you can put a claim on it and we will remove it. Just fill out the removal request form with all necessary details, such as page location and some verification of you being a true owner. Please note that we cannot guarantee that unsubstantiated claims will be satisfied.
Note: this sample is kindly provided by a student like you, use it only as a guidance. ID Password recovery email has been sent to email email. Type of Paper. Essay Topics. Educational Tools. Medical confidentiality in health care setting In order to find the most appropriate way to give treatment and care to a patient, health care practitioner needs to obtain much information from the patient. When Confidentiality is critical There are some instances when confidentiality should be deemed as critical.
Dilemmas during ethical considerations of confidentiality The first ethical dilemma occurs in the case of managed care or health-care provided by organizations. Conclusions The above paper has discussed the issue of confidentiality as part of medical ethics in the health care setting. References Jenkins, P. Health Care. Medical Ethics.