ferdinand magellan research paper

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Ferdinand magellan research paper esl college essay ghostwriting service us

Ferdinand magellan research paper

One ship wrecked; another ditched the expedition altogether and headed back to Spain. The captain struggled to regain control of his men, but once he did, the repercussions were swift and harsh. He ordered some of the mutineers beheaded and quartered; others were marooned or forced into hard labor. As the crew forged across the Pacific Ocean, food spoiled and scurvy and starvation struck. Magellan and his men briefly made landfall in what was likely Guam , where they killed indigenous people and burned their homes in response to the theft of a small boat.

A month later, the expedition reached the Philippines. It turned out he was likely raised there before his enslavement—making him, not Magellan, the first person to circumnavigate the globe. Instead, he demanded that local Mactan people convert to Christianity and became embroiled in a rivalry between Humabon and Lapu-Lapu, two local chieftains.

They returned to Spain in September Along the way, they had encountered a new ocean, mapped new routes for European trade, and set the stage for modern globalism. Sixty thousand miles later, and after the death of 80 percent of those involved, the expedition had proven that the globe could be circumnavigated and opened the door to European colonization of the New World in the name of commerce.

Lapu-Lapu, the Mactan ruler whose forces killed Magellan, is often credited with slaying the explorer. As a result, notes Ocampo, he has become a national hero in the Philippines. Though Lapu-Lapu likely did not do the deed, he is widely commemorated as a symbol of Filipino resistance and pride. A monument that shows the battle itself—and the group effort that brought down an epic explorer—will take its place. All rights reserved.

Culture News. Magellan was first to sail around the world, right? Think again. In September , Magellan set sail from Spain with five ships. Three years later only one ship, the Victoria depicted on a map , made it back to Spain after circumnavigating the world. Share Tweet Email. Photography Proof Look Inside the Abandoned Stadiums of Past Olympics As we gear up for the Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, let's take a look at what's left behind when the sporting events come to an end.

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However, this title is both fitting and a misnomer; Your research paper should report that Ferdinand Magellan was killed in the Philippines, and of the five ships that left Spain , only one returned, captained by a man who had mutinied against Magellan during the expedition. The historical Magellan is as mysterious as his name. His earliest English biography, written in , declares that he was born around …at Sabrossa, near Chaves, in the province of Traz-os-Montes, one of the wildest districts of Portugal.

He apprenticed as a court page in the royal house of Portugal, living in obscurity but dreaming of greatness until the opportunity arose to sail to India in , under the command o Francisco de Almeida. At the time it was the largest fleet dispatched to the Orient by Europeans.

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Some cautionary notes were sounded, for supplies were low and great danger inevitably awaited them. Yet all realized that the voyage was worthless without reaching the Spice Islands, which they assumed would be a short distance away. Of course, no one realized that the greatest expanse of water on the planet lay ahead. Pigafetta spent much of that time with Paul, their captive Patagonian Giant, learning some of his language and converting him to Christianity just before he died.

Scurvy made its deathly appearance and carried off about thirty of the men, who had been reduced to eating biscuits swarming with worms, drinking putrid yellow water, soaking softening then chewing the ox-hide top coverings of sails, eating sawdust from boards, and trading rats.

The officers fared better for reasons unknown to them: they had a supply of preserved quince, a potent anti-scorbutic. Magellan was desperate and depressed, confounded by the distance and amount of time they had spent sailing.

The taller, stronger indigenous people, the Chamorros, surrounded the fleet in their proas their multihulled sailing canoes , quickly boarded the flagship, and started stealing anything loose that they could. Altercations developed, guns were fired, arrows shot, but the fighting subsided when Magellan ordered his men to stop—soon food was being distributed to the starving crew and some trading took place. A template for European first encounters with Pacific peoples had been created.

Guam was not the Spice Islands, and so the fleet moved on to points still unknown, reaching Homonhom Island at the edge of the Philippine archipelago on March Kolambu offered pilots to lead them to a larger, more impressive island, Cebu, ruled by an ally, Raja Humabon. There the fleet arrived on April 7. Humabon and Magellan quickly formed a tight bond as blood brothers. Once Humabon and his queen were baptized as Christians, their subjects followed suit. Tribute to Magellan was given, allegiance to Spain was offered—it seemed too perfect.

Buoyed by these developments and his own confidence, Magellan demanded obedience from neighboring islands to Humabon and the conversion of their inhabitants to Christianity. He was exceeding the instructions King Charles had given him. One of the two chieftains of Mactan, Lapu Lapu, refused and challenged Magellan to a fight.

Determined to show the power of the Spanish armored warriors, and against the advice of his own men to engage in a needless battle, Magellan sailed to Mactan on Saturday, April 27, The coastal water was shallow, forcing the ships to anchor well offshore. The men had to wade through two crossbow flights of thigh-high water to reach the shore.

Which seeing [Magellan wounded in the arm], all those people threw themselves on him, and one of them with a large javelin. On this all at once rushed upon him with lances of iron and of bamboo and with these javelins, so that they slew our mirror, our light, our comfort, and our true guide. It was an undignified end, offshore, in water up to his knees. His hacked body pieces were kept by the Mactans as a memorial; no armor was ever recovered.

Death of Magellan on the Philippine island of Mactan. Frankfurt, Maximilian, of Transylvania. Cologne, January No banners. No headlines. No broadcasts. So this is truly a firsthand account, scooped by someone on the scene. Cardinal Lang had probably suggested the idea to Maximilian—hence the letter. Scherer, Heinrich, — Copperplate map, with added color, 23 cm. Reference: Shirley, Mapping of the World , The myth of California as an island continues.

The date, from the cartouche above the scene, is September 7, ; the number of men is 18 out of the original The Yale manuscript is considered the finest copy, clearly intended for presentation to a nobleman; it is also the most complete of the three French copies.

It consists of leaves of vellum 97 bearing text or maps , with text written in a clear, careful humanistic script, twenty-seven lines to the page, and with illuminated initials and paragraph marks. The manuscript is divided into forty-eight chapters, each preceded by a summary.

There are numerous marginal captions and twenty-three maps interspersed through the text. Magellan Strait. Pacific Ocean. Spice Islands. Day after day, no land. Stagnant water to drink. Rats, sawdust, and leather to eat. A Portuguese nobleman and navigator, Magellan sought the support of his king, Manuel I, on three separate occasions for an exploratory expedition to seek a new water route to the Spice Islands.

He had squandered most of his personal fortune in service to the crown. For various reasons, mostly personal, King Manuel rebuffed Magellan but allowed the officer to offer his services elsewhere. It was September By the end of October, Magellan was in Seville, becoming a Spanish citizen. The eighteen-year-old monarch was athletic, energetic, and eager for fame and glory, but to become Charles V, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, he would need vast sums of money to pay the electors.

By sailing west, as Magellan intended, Spain also would respect the tenets of the Treaty of Tordesillas , which had given Portugal rights to all the new territory found east of a line drawn leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands. For more on this treaty, see the Lines of Demarcation box in the Spice Islands section. Title page of the Maximilian publication. Quickly reaching trading agreements with the sultan of Tidore, who also disliked the Portuguese authorities, the crews stuffed the two ships with cloves.

While at court, Ferdinand learned about the voyages of such. He was promoted. Then in he went on an expedition sent by Almeida to the east coast of Africa to strengthen. Portuguese bases there. In he returned to India and participated in trade and several naval. Then in Magellan sailed with a Portuguese fleet to Malaka,.

The Malays attacked the Portuguese who went. In , he was part of the expedition that conquered. Portugal then claimed the Spice Islands. Francisco Serra helped Magellan try to locate. Magellan returned to Portugal in and fought on Morocco the next year. He was. His request was refused,. Manuel disliked Magellan and refused to support the proposed voyage. Magellan then. He met Ruy Faleiro, an. From their studies, they concluded.

Magellan decided. He presented his proposal for visiting the Spice Islands as part of a westward. Magellan convinced King Charles I of Spain to support the. The king promised Magellan a fifth of the profits from the voyage, plus a salary. Spaniards became suspicious of Magellan, mainly because he recruited many Portuguese. Therefore, the king forced Magellan to replace most of the Portuguese with Spanish. On September 20, , Magellan set sail from Sanlucar de Barrameda in southern.

Magellan commanded a total of of many nationalities and a fleet of 5 ships, the. The fleet sailed across the Atlantic. Ocean to the coast of Brazil. They followed the South American coast to the bay where Rio de. Janeiro now stands. They stayed there for two weeks and then sailed south in search of a. In late March , the fleet anchored for the winter at Puerto San. Julian in what is now southern Argentina. Then in winter, a storm destroyed the Santiago. Magellan and loyal crewmembers put down the mutiny, executed the leader, and marooned two.

They resumed their voyage in October They discovered a passage to the Pacific- known as the Strait of Magellan. While sailing. The three remaining. Magellan named the ocean the Pacific because it means peaceful and it. They were the first Europeans ever to sail across the Pacific Ocean. Their food gave out and their water supply became. They ate rats, ox hides, and sawdust to avoid starvation.

Most of the crew. Magellan and his crew remained in the Philippines for several weeks. Magellan took. However, he involved himself. On April 27, , Magellan was killed when he took part in a. Only about of the original crew members remained.

They abandoned the. Concepcion, and the two remaining vessels sailed southward to the Spice Islands where their. The Trinidad tried to sail eastward across the Pacific to the. Isthmus of Panama. Bad weather and disease cause more than half of the crewmen to die.

The Victoria continued westward back to Spain. It finally reached Sanlucar de Barrameda on. September 6, , almost three years after the voyage had begun. According to Antonio Pigafetta, a crewmember who was aboard the Victoria, the voyage. Nearly everyone at the time gave Jaun Sebastian del Cano, the. The Portuguese considered Magellan a traitor. Ferdinand Magellan was not successful in finding a short route to the Spice Islands but.

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Dominican Republic - Dominican Republic Research Papers go into the history of this country, the geography, and the economy. Cultural Imperialism - Cultural Imperialism research papers discuss outright, military-based imperialism of the type that was practiced by western powers at the beginning of the twentieth century, which has gone out of favor since that time.

Marco Polo - Marco Polo research papers examine the life of the Italian adventurer best remembered for his extended stay in China at the court of Kublai Khan. European Colonialism - European Colonialism Research Papers deal with the technology advancements that took place. This page is designed to show you how to write a research project on the topic you see here. Learn from our sample or order a custom written research paper from Paper Masters. Text Us.

Email Us. Ferdinand Magellan Research Papers Ferdinand Magellan research papers are custom written on the world explorer that is based on a world history view of his accomplishments. Born the son of the son of a fourth-grade nobleman, in middle age he renounced his native land As a Portuguese immigrant in Spanish Seville, he became Fernado de Magallanes.

How to Write a Research Paper on Ferdinand Magellan This page is designed to show you how to write a research project on the topic you see here. Port San Julian in Argentina gave the crew winter shelter for five months. Shortly after restarting ocean trip, one of the ships was driven to shore and lost researching an recess. Merely South of the fiftieth analogue, near Rio Santa Cruz, Magellan sent two of his four staying ships to research a big recess.

The ships returned two yearss subsequently reacting that they had been to three bays through narrow transitions. Against advice, Magellan set. On November 28, Magellan s fleet of the three staying ships exited the sound into another ocean. The sound Magellan and his crew used is now called The Strait of Magellan. The new ocean was named the Pacific Ocean because it was really unagitated. This ocean had much more favourable conditions than the last but was much larger than expected.

The crew ran out of nutrient shortly. Soon they ate the leather rope guards. Desperate to last, the crewmans ate sawdust and rats for 98 yearss. Many died of scorbutus and malnutrition. Finally a little island in the West Pacific was sighted. The ships stopped for nutrient and to recover wellness. Magellan so sailed to Mindanao in the Philippines and on to Cebu Island.

He converted Huambon, swayer of Cebu, to Christianity. The crews so backed Huambon in a conflict with Lapu-Lapu. On April 27, Magellan was killed in conflict. In efforts to return to Spain, one ship was abandon and Lusitanian captured one other. On September 6, the concluding ship, the Victoria, with merely 18 work forces returned to Spain with cloves it had picked up in Moluccas.

The cloves were deserving so much that Spain was repaid for the four lost ships and was able to gain.