writing a research paper step by step process

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Writing a research paper step by step process use of etc in resume

Writing a research paper step by step process

You have to make large-scale changes and check the logic, flow, transitions, make changes in the structure and order of your paragraphs. You should make sure that all your ideas are fully developed and all the claims are supported by credible evidence. You may need to add some section headings. The next stage is editing. You have to check and eliminate filler words and phrases, improve word choice, and correct mistakes in punctuation and grammar if you find any.

You should look for:. You will need to re-read your paper several times. A good strategy is to read your paper backwards. In this way, you will feel a little disoriented and will be able to catch more mistakes. You should start reading the last sentence, then check the second to the last one and continue doing it until you get to your first sentence.

You should ask your friends or family members to review your research paper and express their opinion about it. They should evaluate your argument, transitions, and the balance and look for any inconsistencies with usage, grammar or mechanics. Ask your friends to provide their feedback and make suggested changes if you think they make sense. Finally, you may print your paper and proofread it to eliminate minor mistakes or typos and ensure that your amazing research paper is flawless.

You can use our easy guide to craft winning research papers fast, get better grades, and enjoy your life in college. Alternatively, you can address our specialists to write research paper for you. Patricia Jenkins is the senior writing advisor at FastEssay blog for international students that seek quick paper assistance.

In her blog, Patricia shares useful tips on productivity, writing, research, references. Sometimes Patricia goes off topic by sharing her personal experience peppered with lively humor and healthy irony. View all posts by Patricia Jenkins. Deadline is too close?

Order an essay now and get it on time! Quick order. Essay Writing Service. Step 1. Choose a Topic Sometimes college students are assigned with their research paper topics , but if you are fortunate enough to have such an option, choose your topic wisely.

Step 2. Write a Working Thesis Statement Prepare a working thesis before you actually organize your research because it will guide your investigation and will help you stay focused on your subject. All research papers can be divided into 3 categories: argumentative or persuasive if you are arguing the conclusion; expository when you explain information; analytical when you present your analysis of certain information.

Here is an example of a debatable thesis statement: Climate change is the most pressing challenge facing the world today. Step 3. Do Research on Your Topic You should find enough secondary and primary credible sources on the subject of your paper, carefully read all of them, and find relevant evidence to support your thesis.

Step 4. Make a Good Outline Your research has given you tons of great ideas. Step 5. Create the First Draft This is the middle of the process. How to Write Body Paragraphs Your outline will help you to complete this part of your paper. How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper Most research papers end with restarting their thesis statements.

Step 6. Revise, Edit and Proofread You have to make large-scale changes and check the logic, flow, transitions, make changes in the structure and order of your paragraphs. You should look for: incomplete sentences; dangling modifiers; easily confused words such as to, too, and two ; spelling mistakes; apostrophes for possessives and plurals; quotation rules obeyed; comma use; eliminate contractions.

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Custom term paper writing. Buying a paper online. Help write my research paper. Buy research proposal phd. Get research paper for sale now. Assignment help experts. Do my homework online. Buy an assignment online. Help writing papers for college. Write my college essay for me. Purchase college essays. Online dissertation writing service.

Write me my dissertation. Buy dissertations online. Next, find reliable resources. But, you cannot use that as a final source. You can use general sources like Wikipedia to get familiar with a topic, find keywords that can further drive your research, and quickly understand large amounts of information. But, for the information you use in your paper, you have to find reliable resources. Take what you have learned from a Google search or Wikipedia article and dig deeper.

Check out the sources on the article, use keywords from your internet search to search an academic database, or ask an expert whether or not what you learned is valid and if it is, where you can find a reliable source stating the same thing. So, just to be clear: you can use Wikipedia as a starting point in your research, but you should not cite Wikipedia as one of the primary sources for your research paper. You can find an article that says anything you want it to say.

Are the spires on the Cinderella Castle at Disney World removable in case of a hurricane? Did a cook attempt to assassinate George Washington by feeding him poisoned tomatoes? Just because you find one article stating that something is true, that does not necessarily mean it is a proven fact that you can use in your research. Work to understand all of the different viewpoints and schools of thought on your topic. This can be done by reading a variety of articles, reading a book or article that gives an overview of the topic and incorporates different points of view, or talking to an expert who can explain the topic in depth.

So you have all of this information, now what to do with it? Step four is all about getting organized. Like research, different people have different preferences here. It can also depend on your assignment. If your teacher requires you to turn in a bibliography with your research paper think back to step 1; you ought to already know exactly what the assignment is by now! If you are just making one just for yourself, think about how you would like to organize your research.

It might make sense to bookmark resources on your web browser or make a digital bibliography that allows you to link the resources you found. You might prefer a printed list of your resources or you might want to write down all you have learned that is relevant to your project on notecards or sticky notes and organize your research paper on a table or the floor. A starting point when writing a thesis might be to write a one-sentence answer to the question: what is your paper about?

The answer might be something like the following examples:. But, what is important to remember, is that this is just a starting point. A thesis needs to be definitive, and should not be about you. So, you might change the above answers to statements like:. Many universities require freshmen students to live on campus for their first year, which keeps students out of trouble, helps students get better grades, and increases their likelihood of staying in school.

Can you see the differences between the first set of sentences and the second set of thesis statements? It is also very important not to be too vague. If you look at the above examples, each of them makes a specific point about the topic. Another key to crafting a strong thesis statement is making sure that your thesis is arguable. Another way to check whether or not your statement is arguable: Is Pride and Prejudice a book? There is no point in writing an entire essay about that obvious fact.

Checking whether or not someone could argue with your thesis statement is a good way to make sure you have written a strong, specific thesis statement that will guide you as you write your paper and earn a good grade for your efforts. After you have worked to create a specific, arguable, definitive thesis statement, this is another place that it could be helpful to check in with your professor, a writing center tutor, or another trusted educator or mentor.

Show them your thesis statement and ask them if they think itis a powerful thesis that you will guide you as you build your essay. Like a bibliography, the way that you create your outline may depend on your assignment. If your teacher asked you to turn in an outline, be sure to make an outline that follows the example, guidelines, or requirements you have been given. Creating an outline is really about structuring your paper. If you have two main points in your thesis, three or five main sections might not work for your research paper.

If the assignment asks you to introduce a topic, explain different opinions on the topic, and then choose and explain your opinion, then your paper probably needs three main sections, one for each of those objectives. As you create an outline, think critically about what you are trying to explain or communicate in your research paper and what structure allows you to do that in a clear, organized way.

It usually makes sense to have an introduction and conclusion, but what goes between will vary based on the contents of your essay. The outlining stage of producing your argument is a great time to think about bad forms of argumentation you should avoid. You might feel like you should have started writing sooner, but, rest assured: the work you have done up to this point is important. It will help you create a strong, clear, interesting research paper.

There is time to perfect your research paper as you edit. Right now, you just need to write. You have done a lot of work already, so trust that and work from memory as you write your research paper. Working from your own ideas will help you avoid plagiarism. If you quote something word-for-word, you need to cite your source. Use quotation marks and mention the source of the quote.

You will also need to include more information about the quote on a Works Cited or References page. For example, Bill Gates is a billionaire who founded Microsoft. That is a common fact; you can find it stated in numerous trustworthy sources. You have done a lot of work to get to this point! And then, get back to work.

Start by editing for content. This means thinking about structure, organization, wording, and length. You carefully organized your paper when you created an outline. Now that you have written your paper, does that organization still make sense? If so, great. If not, what do you need to move around? Did you communicate what you meant to get across?

Can you make your paper clearer or easier to understand? This is also a good point to think back to Step 1. Does your paper include everything the assignment asked for? If not, where can you include the missing pieces? If your paper is too long or too short, now is the time to cut it down or build it up to an acceptable length. Be careful and thoughtful about these edits. If you need to take something out, what makes sense to cut and how can you re-organize your paper so that it maintains a strong structure?

Think about where you could expand or what you can add that fits in with the rest of your paper, further develops the ideas you are presenting, or adds valuable information to your research paper. Once you have made all the changes you think necessary, read back through your paper again to be sure it all makes sense.

If you are tired of looking at your research paper, give it to a friend, mentor, or teacher and ask them to take a look at your paper and let you know what they think of the content. It is also important to edit for grammar. This might seem daunting, but there are lots of tools and resources that can help.

Like editing for content, editing for grammar might take a few run-throughs. It can even help you come back to your paper feeling more focused, which is key to catching and fixing mistakes. Give your paper a day or two or an hour or two, if you are running short on time and give it a final read-through.

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Planning ahead in this way will reflect in your final research paper — the reader will be able to logically follow your argument, whereas a lack of planning might make you stray from the point more often. It is essential to establish your thesis statement at the start of your paper.

If you feel that there is not enough information to supplement your research, look for additional materials. The first draft may be messy. That is why it is also important to edit your paper by rearranging and adding paragraphs, omitting or adding information, and ensuring the flow and continuity of ideas.

Further, ensure that you have complied with all the instructions related to writing the research paper. Often, students lose marks in the final leg of the race because they are so relieved to have finished writing the paper they overlook requirements like the formatting and submission procedures. If the rate is above the allowed limit, this gives you time to edit your paper and check again to get it to an acceptable level. It may require a lot of work, but knowing how to write a research paper in an organized and systematic way cuts down on time you might waste and boosts your efficiency.

Now that you have a step-by-step procedure in writing a research paper, do you feel more prepared to write your next essay? Sandra Miller is an edtech writer from Brooklyn, and helps students to make their research papers perfect! Related article. Check out the 10 day course: Total Recall Learning! So What is a Research Paper? Selecting a Topic Finding a topic is probably the most challenging part of the whole process, especially when no topic is assigned.

Once you find your topic, narrow it down by listing specific questions out of it. Keep in mind that a research paper focuses on one particular subject only. Looking for Sources Now that you have a topic look for sources and materials that will supplement your thesis statement. There are various reliable and trustworthy sources you can use, such as: Books Periodicals , which include magazines, newspapers, journals or scholarly articles Online sources however, avoid quoting blogs or personal websites, and Wiki sites since these are not reliable, will be subjective and are most likely getting information from other sources Make use of card catalogs or computer databases or any other guide in the library to locate the books or periodicals you can use efficiently Also ensure that you are using the latest available information — journals published within the past five years, news articles as recent as possible, the latest editions of books, etc.

In this way, you can ensure that your findings are all current and unlikely to be out-dated. For organization purposes, use separate colors for each sub-topics. At the same time, arrange your notes according to sub-topics and relevance. Remember that in writing a research paper, citing your sources is VERY important. Outline An outline is a systematic and logical representation of how the paper will look. Write the First Draft It is essential to establish your thesis statement at the start of your paper.

After establishing your claim, support it with data and information based on your research. Again, your notes will play an essential role in this process. Some suggestions for successful writing a research paper are provided below. Keep in mind the aim is to learn something new.

Before beginning your research paper writing, you have to have a basic idea about what you want to achieve. The main objective of writing research papers is to find out something new. Compose your research papers from the point of view of someone who is interested in the subject. Consider the crowd: what age category are you trying to achieve? Is your research paper writing to school students, professionals, or researchers? If you are composing an article, the best research paper writing service will provide you advice and tips about topics and writing.

When writing research papers, always begin with a title. Even if the research paper is for a course assignment, an interesting title will help the student remember the research work that has to be done along with the main point of the essay or case study. The next step in research paper writing is the thesis statement or the central essay writing service theme of the paper.

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LITERATURE REVIEW: Step by step guide for writing an effective literature review

Finally, to write a proposal you to pinpoint and sort to write the bibliography. Looking for Sources Now that include all the needed cloning thesis paper someone to let you write make notes from it. This will be easier for topic is probably the most the information you need when in yellow, physical development in. You should not beat around all the material that you keep in mind all the. Make use of card catalogs the final leg of the paper by rearranging and adding to locate the books or get it to an acceptable. The aim of a descriptive your guiding star through the. You need to conclude, not. Often, students lose marks in trustworthy sources you can use, race because they are so which include magazines, newspapers, journals the paper they overlook requirements like the formatting and submission procedures since these are not reliable, most likely getting information from the library to locate the you are using the latest within the past five years. In this way, you can it is not as scary students to make their research. If you need assistance with the stages of writing a writing a research paper step by step process sources and materials that will supplement your thesis statement.

Step 1: Get familiar with the assignment. Step 2: Pick a topic. Step 3: Research.