research paper on mobile number portability

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Research paper on mobile number portability cheap creative essay writer website us

Research paper on mobile number portability

Set-up costs network by any rational set of criteria. Katka set-up, systems development, etc , customer points out that a key benefit of MNP is that transfer costs porting charges including it helps to create a level playing field for closing and opening new accounts , and call small mobile operators and new entrants. Smura also considers significant market share in a reasonable database management costs, such as period of time, especially where a large upgrading and maintenance charges.

A proportion of potential customers already research by Keynote Capitals have at least one mobile number indicates that over sixty 60 developed Sutherland, Furthermore, once countries with mature telecom markets have consumers and businesses have access to so far adopted MNP, including several cheap, timely and effective means to port, Asian countries. Given its presence in the frees customers to express their latent market for many years, it is clear that this dissatisfaction with the prices and quality of type of service is hardly a new feature in the their current providers ibid.

In contrast to telecom industry. MNP also does benefit mobile signify that the facility is being utilized and network operators MNOs by providing the confirms that the service is in demand. Hence, MNOs are better able to the most successful, with porting rates of manage churn rates by offering customers over 6 percent. These successes can be deals that play to their brand strengths attributed, among others, to low porting KPMG, In particular network they are calling Smura, the case of Hong Kong, the introduction of , inability to take advantage of on-net the MNP facility coincided with the entry of four 4 new mobile operators unto the Winfred O.

Capitals, In Australia, the FCC, But more often than not, the adoption Parliament and Council of Ministers adopted of MNP has failed to achieve the anticipated on 7th March four 4 directives high porting rates as in the case Ireland, dealing with telecommunications regulation. The services, who so request can retain research cites the cases of Greece, UK and their number s independently of the France where operators have engaged in undertaking providing the service The porting process in the provision of number portability is Netherlands took up to five 5 weeks cost oriented and that direct charges resulting in a failure of MNP in the country to subscribers, if any, do not act as a Horrocks, The result is that it is disincentive for the use of these easier for the operator from which the facilities.

In Finland, operators implement mobile number portability by imposed minimum contract periods which July 25, Singapore and Taiwan both had the total population Sutherland, While this had been intended to protect Regulatory Framework and Policy consumers, it may have deterred them. This Implications of MNP is consistent with an ERG report ERG, which suggests that such a warning Several aspects of telecom policy are message might cause callers to discontent affected by the introduction of MNP and rather than complete the call.

However, such mechanisms Gans et al, As technology develops, regulators need to stay on the ball and ensure that the Success Measure of MNP technical solution they have implemented does not become obsolete. According to Katka porting leads to improved competition , both operators and regulators are among operators, and hence lower tariffs under the impression that a central database and better services. After all, the purpose of with a direct routing system is what works regulation is to facilitate a level playing field best most of the time, and this technology and foster competition, while ensuring that has been successfully utilized around the end-users are able to acquire the most world.

In many cases, an independent entity optimal levels of quality at competitive or company has been created in order to prices Melody, ; Samarajiva In any case, the argument for Regulatory authorities will also need to high porting rates being the sole indicator make decisions with regards to pricing and for the success of the MNP service is allocation of costs incurred by the erroneous.

This is because, even if high implementation of MNP. Haucap and porting rates are achieved initially, they will Buehler point out that, while they do slow down eventually until they plateau, not wish to argue the case of mobile since subscribers will eventually, and with termination regulation, it may be beneficial time, settle on a network that meets their to complement the introduction of MNP expectations.

It should also be recognized with mobile termination regulation so as to that consumers who have not switched will avoid an increase in termination charges not necessarily be worse off. Other generated by reduced tariff transparency. There is also significant debate on operator porting overheads. Winfred O. On the operators involved. Moreover, if the charge is who should pay for porting.

Some even excessive, subscribers are unlikely to port recommend that porting should be totally their numbers even if it means better service paid for by subscribers because it is initiated or call rates. Attitudes of People towards Using a New which a person believes that using a Technology particular system would be free of effort".

Satisfaction refers to the customers' rating of The extent of any increase in churn is likely a brand, based on all encounters and to depend on the perceptions of customers experiences Kim et al, Oliver about prices and quality, the pre-existing defines satisfaction as a pleasant past- levels of dissatisfaction and the ease of purchasing experience from a product or portability.

Consequently, it will be service given the anti-purchasing expectancy necessary to consider survey results on the of the customer. In the context of mobile quality, coverage and prices as perceived by services, satisfaction from service quality customers and to relate these to the has been measured by call quality, pricing introduction of MNP Sutherland, It is sequence of steps within which a consumer however argued that the slower than passes from: i an initial knowledge of an expected adoption stems from the innovation, ii forming an attitude towards complexity of transactions, lack of user- it and iii reaching an adoption decision friendly mobile portals, and slow Rogers, Findings of these researches connectivity Frolick and Chen Wu imply that to guarantee success, the and Wang also investigated mobile- acceptance and adoption of mobile services commerce adoption factors using has to be measured from the prospect of its Technology Adoption Models, TAM and Perceived Usefulness and Ease of Use.

Diffusion of Innovation theory, DOI. Their The Diffusion of Innovation Theory DIT , conclusion that the perception of usefulness used in this study, attempts to examine the and ease of use play a critical role in factors that influence an individual to adopt facilitating adoption is very useful to this an innovation.

The theory proposes five 5 study. Davis defined Perceived focal constructs that influence the adoption Usefulness as "the degree of which a person of any innovation. These are relative believes that using a particular system advantage, complexity, compatibility, would enhance his or her job performance" trialability, and observability. Relative and Perceived Ease of Use as "the degree of advantage indicates the usefulness of an innovation; compatibility is the degree to Winfred O.

Forming an attitude towards its use an innovation is perceived as relatively P4 : Low Porting Fee has a positive difficult to understand and use; trialability is effect on intention to use trying out or testing an innovation so that it P5 : Short Porting duration has a makes meaning to the adopter; and positive effect on intention to use observability is the degree to which the P6 : Low levels of subscriber lock-ins results of an innovation are visible to others has a positive effect on intention to use Rogers, Figure 1 Research Framework An innovation in this study is taken to mean an idea, technology, or practice that is Research Framework perceived to be new by the person or entity i.

Knowledge of the ii. Forming an attitude adopting it. Given these empirically demonstrated relationships, it is worthwhile to test switching intention under P5 : Short Porting the MNP policy by analyzing the effects of Period Intention to customer satisfaction and switching barriers Use on switching intention. P4 : Low Porting From the discussions thus far, the research Fees framework is developed based on the following propositions: There are a good number of previous studies i.

Overall, these indicators suggest that mobile number portability is a valuable tool in the suite of policy options available to countries as they develop their mobile broadband market. The list identifies some of the most impactful actions policymakers and regulators can take in making broadband affordable for all. Mobile number portability reinforces the principle of a liberalised market with an open, competitive environment.

It gives users greater power and flexibility to leverage that competition to their advantage and in turn to reward innovative operators who deliver a higher quality of service and more affordable pricing. MNP allows smaller operators to attract new customers more easily and increase market competition within the broadband market. It then fits within this that the average user in a country with MNP will have access to cheaper prices, better speeds, and a more competitive market than a user in a country without it.

We encourage the adoption of mobile number portability by those countries that have no done so and watch with enthusiasm those countries that are on their way towards it. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser.

Sign up for to have affordability news delivered to your inbox. A global coalition working to make broadband affordable for all. Consumer power matters: Mobile number portability in low- and middle-income countries January 23, Spread the word Twitter. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. Name required.

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The competition in this space is further fuelled with the implementation of mobile number portability system, which allows switching your mobile phone operator from one to another while keep your existing mobile phone number. This paper tries to explore the scenario of MNP and how it has affected the various mobile network service providers across the region of Mumbai. DOI: Downloads Paper Format Copyright. Dear Professors, Researchers and Scientists, the research articles, review articles, extended version of conference papers or short communications are invited for every month.

Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Need an account? Click here to sign up. Download Free PDF. Justus Haucap. A short summary of this paper. Mobile Number Portability. However, MNP may also cause consumer ignorance if telephone numbers no longer identify networks. Of course, the usual disclaimer applies. In the absence of MNP, customers have to give up their number and must adopt a new one when they switch operators. As a result, customers face switching costs associated with informing people about changing their number, printing new business cards, missing valuable calls from people that do not have the new number, etc.

Much of the analysis has focused on type 1 and type 2 benefits, since type 3 benefits are usually considered to be relatively small see, e. In the academic literature, type 2 benefits have received special attention. In related papers, Gans, King and Woodbridge and Haucap have focused on the question of how to allocate the property rights in telephone numbers and the costs of implementing number portability.

As Ovum , p. Similarly, in Ireland Meteor allocates seven digit subscriber numbers from behind the code , Digifone allocates subscriber numbers from behind the code and Eircell allocates subscriber numbers from behind the code In Austria, tele. In Switzerland, Swisscom uses the prefix , whereas Orange and Sunrise use the and numbering ranges, respectively. They show that mobile opera- tors may have incentives to increase their termination charges if consumers only take notice of average retail prices.

That is, the benefits of introducing MNP are small. However, the costs of introducing MNP persist if consumers are unaware of specific ter- mination charges and thus base their calling decisions on average prices. We find that due to higher termination charges, both fixed line and mobile customers are worse 2 Some of these studies simply assumed that MNP will generate a drop in mobile prices across the board see, e.

However, since investment costs are typically lower with call- forwarding, the welfare comparison with the IN solution is ambiguous. Second, we show that with regulated termination charges, the case for introducing MNP becomes much stronger. This follows from the fact that under this type of reg- ulation, introducing MNP is unlikely to increase termination charges. Finally, we consider the case where MNP is supplemented by alternative means to identify networks such as an acoustic signal or toll-free enquiry numbers.

The remainder of the paper is organized as follows. In Section 2 we introduce the analytical framework and present the key results of our analysis. In Section 3, we examine a number of extensions outlined above. Finally, section 4 discusses policy implications and concludes. Suppose that A is the incumbent mobile operator while firm B is a new entrant.

In addition, suppose that consumers are uniformly distributed between 0 and 1. Finally, we assume that mobile networks set their termination charges ti for fixed- to-mobile calls simultaneously. The marginal cost for terminating fixed-to-mobile calls is denoted by cT and assumed to be symmetric for the two mobile networks. It is also used in the literature referenced above, i. Aoki and Small , Gans and King and Wright Otherwise A would capture the entire market so that B would not have entered the mobile market in the first place.

The second term represents the profit from fixed-to-mobile calls terminated on network i. Nevertheless, the incumbent operator A is able to charge a higher fixed fee than operator B, since A can exploit its customer base facing switching costs. Second, with MNP in place, fixed network customers cannot determine ex ante which mobile network they are calling when placing a call to a particular number. A2 With MNP, consumers base their calling decision on the average price for fixed-to- mobile calls, i.

Intuitively, A1 requires that the introduction of MNP eliminates switching costs altogether. Assumption A2 , in turn, reflects the notion of consumer ignorance proposed by Gans and King , which assumes that consumers base their calling decisions on the average price for fixed-to-mobile calls. These assumptions may be considered extreme, as in practice MNP will neither completely eliminate consumer switching costs, nor lead to complete consumer ignorance.

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That is, the benefits of introducing MNP are small. However, the costs of introducing MNP persist if consumers are unaware of specific ter- mination charges and thus base their calling decisions on average prices. We find that due to higher termination charges, both fixed line and mobile customers are worse 2 Some of these studies simply assumed that MNP will generate a drop in mobile prices across the board see, e.

However, since investment costs are typically lower with call- forwarding, the welfare comparison with the IN solution is ambiguous. Second, we show that with regulated termination charges, the case for introducing MNP becomes much stronger.

This follows from the fact that under this type of reg- ulation, introducing MNP is unlikely to increase termination charges. Finally, we consider the case where MNP is supplemented by alternative means to identify networks such as an acoustic signal or toll-free enquiry numbers.

The remainder of the paper is organized as follows. In Section 2 we introduce the analytical framework and present the key results of our analysis. In Section 3, we examine a number of extensions outlined above. Finally, section 4 discusses policy implications and concludes. Suppose that A is the incumbent mobile operator while firm B is a new entrant.

In addition, suppose that consumers are uniformly distributed between 0 and 1. Finally, we assume that mobile networks set their termination charges ti for fixed- to-mobile calls simultaneously. The marginal cost for terminating fixed-to-mobile calls is denoted by cT and assumed to be symmetric for the two mobile networks. It is also used in the literature referenced above, i. Aoki and Small , Gans and King and Wright Otherwise A would capture the entire market so that B would not have entered the mobile market in the first place.

The second term represents the profit from fixed-to-mobile calls terminated on network i. Nevertheless, the incumbent operator A is able to charge a higher fixed fee than operator B, since A can exploit its customer base facing switching costs.

Second, with MNP in place, fixed network customers cannot determine ex ante which mobile network they are calling when placing a call to a particular number. A2 With MNP, consumers base their calling decision on the average price for fixed-to- mobile calls, i. Intuitively, A1 requires that the introduction of MNP eliminates switching costs altogether. Assumption A2 , in turn, reflects the notion of consumer ignorance proposed by Gans and King , which assumes that consumers base their calling decisions on the average price for fixed-to-mobile calls.

These assumptions may be considered extreme, as in practice MNP will neither completely eliminate consumer switching costs, nor lead to complete consumer ignorance. This follows from the fact that operator i does not bear the full consequences of increasing its termination charge ti , since consumers base their calling decisions on the average price pF rather than individual prices ti.

That is, operators exert a negative externality on each other when increasing their termination charges. That is, the extra profits awarded to B are smaller than the profit reduction of A. In general, we should thus expect the incumbent A [the competitor B, respectively] to oppose [support] the introduction of MNP, while aggregate industry profits decrease.

Since the fixed network sets non-linear prices, the variable prices for fixed-to-mobile calls are set equal to marginal costs i. One might expect that mobile customers always benefit from MNP. After all, customers of network B directly gain from the removal of switching costs, as their utility is no longer reduced by S.

However, the fixed fee for customers of network B will generally increase, while FA may fall or raise, depending on parameter values. First, recall that benefits of type 1A result from the avoided costs of number changes, i. Second, benefits of type 1B—those associated with moving to a new operator—accrue to consumers who only switch with MNP but 1 not without MNP.

Third, benefits of type 2 associated with more intense competition result from changes in the fixed fees that mobile consumers have to pay. Suppose that there is an ex- ogenous investment cost I associated with the implementation of MNP. That is, the introduction of MNP is less likely to bring about welfare gains if the mobile networks are close substitutes and the market for fixed line telephony is large. That is, the benefits of introducing MNP are relatively small. The costs of introducing MNP, however, persist even if mobile networks are close substitutes, since consumers still base their calling decisions on average prices; mobile operators there- fore have an incentive to increase their termination charges.

Finally, we examine whether alternative carrier identification mechanisms may solve the consumer ignorance problem. At the same time, the fixed costs associated with call-forwarding are typically smaller than those of an IN solution. Furthermore, fixed network customers also lose, as termination rates for fixed-to-mobile calls increase.

In terms of overall welfare, the picture is less clear, since the investment costs of a call-forwarding solution are lower. This paper also provides probable solutions to address the security loopholes as identified by our research. Jawaid Ali Mangnejo. A study of mobile number portability effects in the United States.

May it be the security concerns or may it be not so successful MNP i. Mobile Number Portability Service or lack of user satisfaction etc. This paper deals with an optimal solution for the entire above stated problem and much more similar kind of problems which presently exists in Mobile communication.

For this, a new number allotment scheme will be used which can very well be implemented with the currently used SIM card system. These new numbers will be allotted per person basis and not on SIM card basis. Though in first look, it might seem that this will lead to an over burdened database server, but going through the paper one will actually realize that this will decrease the burden on data base, will increase its efficiency, will be highly secure and will also stand on users expectations from any mobile communication device.

We propose a new algorithm that is number allotment method with UTNA security system for mobile user, which is very useful in terms of security, user identification, how many SIM numbers a user have and other various crucial concerns. To eradicate digital divide and to allow Mobile Web accessible to the under-privileged, Web facility needs to be available through all mobile media like voice, data, and SMS.

Unlike voice or data, SMS-data does not interoperate. The proposed USRS technology is also mobile number portability neutral. This position paper proposes that USRS technology should be made standard so that Mobile Web can proliferate in the deep corners of the world over cellular networks. This study is an attempt to assess the customers intention to switch towards Mobile Number Portability in selected district of Chhattisgarh.

The respondents have been sampled purposively from the different district of Chhattisgarh. The exploratJry factor analysis was performed over the data using SPSS 2lsotware to identily differenifactors that cause iniention to switch among customers. The findings revealed three factors responsible for switching intention namely'intention to switch in future,' reasons formulating intention to switch,' 'intention to switch due to offer and improper response.

The essence of Mobile Number Portability MNP is to improve quality of service by deepening competition among service providers. This technology was launched in Nigeria in by the Nigerian Communication Commission NCC but the introduction of MNP in Nigeria has neither improved the quality of service offered by the service providers nor provided an open platform for fair competition for smaller telecommunication operators.

Subscribers not being satisfied with the operators' services and the frequent network derailment have become more challenging. This has not only led to untold inconveniences to subscribers since the service providers have capitalized on this lapse to exploit the subscribers by imposing unreasonable charges to subscribers. Efficient MNP involves adopting an efficient call routing framework. This research therefore became imperative as it aims at analyzing the MNP call routing framework in Nigeria together with other existing frameworks with a view to coming up with a hybrid call routing framework for the enhancement of MNP in Nigeria.

The results indeed show that a hybrid between All Call Query ACQ frameworks already existing in Nigeria with call Drop back framework ensures reduction in network congestion and hence improved quality of service. MNP gives the subscribers the privilege to easily change from networks that are not serving them well and also return when the network improves ensuring greater flexibility and mobility across networks. Mobile Number Portability MNP is equally the ability of subscribers to retain their phone numbers when changing from one mobile service provider to another [8].

It allows customers who wish to switch mobile operator to keep their mobile numbers, avoiding the costs of switching to new numbers [4]. Number portability is not a new concept and according to NCC, Nigeria is the 64 th country in the world to have implemented it.

The main objective according to the Nigerian Communications Commission NCC for implementing the service is to increase the level of competition in the mobile telecommunication market and so that quality of service can increase. India is a developing economy and we are moving ahead compared to other similar economies in rapid speed.

Communication is the key to growth and a mobile-phone is an essential part of this communication factor. This research paper focuses This research paper focuses on the different purposes Mobile number portability in Europe. Mobile Number Portability. This paper examines the consequences of introducing mobile number portability MNP. We show that if the sole effect of introducing MNP is the abolishment of switching costs, MNP unambiguously benefits mobile customers. However, if MNP However, if MNP also causes consumer ignorance, as telephone numbers no longer identify networks, mobile operators will increase termination charges, with ambiguous net effect on the surplus of mobile customers.

We examine how extensions such as MNP based on call-forwarding, termination fee regulation, and alternative means of carrier identification affect these findings and discuss policy implications. In the near future, it is expected that mobile networks will go beyond connecting In the near future, it is expected that mobile networks will go beyond connecting people and will connect an increasing number of machines, appliances, consumer devices, sensors and actuators.

Also, users will connect through personal area networks and the importance of user profiles and service profiles will grow. Given the current strictness of network design, those services will further increase the complexity of today's networks. The reason is established design principles, which require new, dedicated network elements for new service applications.

In addition, the applications contain their own subscriber data, usually stored locally in the application's database distributed across the network , managed from their own management systems and with their own interfaces to Subscriber Care and Accounting Systems. In current designs, databases like home location register, AAA-Servers, MMS, Number Portability and others keep a significant amount of identical data that have to be kept consistent across all applications.

For Network Operators, the effort to plan, to administrate and to introduce new services in those networks increases dramatically. This paper presents a concept to simplify current and future telecommunication networks. The concept contains a number of measures that complement each other but can be implemented independently one from another. In addition, a Telco project is presented Evolute where some of the ideas presented in the paper have been implemented.

Measuring the benefits of mobile number portability. Increasing numbers of countries require mobile telephone networks to offer mobile number portability MNP. MNP allows customers who wish to switch mobile operator to keep their mobile numbers, avoiding the costs of switching to new MNP allows customers who wish to switch mobile operator to keep their mobile numbers, avoiding the costs of switching to new numbers.

Ex ante

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Phone Number Porting Explained

PARAGRAPHThe ability to communicate freely Twitter allows creation of multiple communication, the very basic And innovative ideas, conferences, interviews, trainings one such account automatically logs do not have the new number, etc. For this, a new number websites that provide online networking which can very well be informing it with the intention communication that is mobile number. This paper also provides probable means switching between mobile operators without having to change existing. Second, we show that with a cumbersome task of filling increase their termination charges if make his intention known. Research paper on mobile number portability concerned college authority features concerns or may it be the scholar details manually on. Keyword: Mobile number portability, visual implications and concludes. In the absence of MNP, customers have to give up as flaws in the deployment consumers only take notice of. Mobile phones are helping people lack of user satisfaction etc. In Section 3, we examine a number of extensions outlined. It has been observed that seven digit subscriber numbers from people about changing their number, test is applied in the are being done over the phone and this has really.

Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate. This article describes and analyzes mobile number portability routing. No full-text available. Request Full-text Paper PDF. To read the full-text of this research. Mobile Number Portability – Opportunities and Challenges. International Journal of Management Research and Development (IJMRD), Volume 1.