software engineer research paper

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Software engineer research paper

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Journal of Computer Science and Technology, 6 1 , pp. T and Tan, K. Modelling of visualized data-flow diagrams using Petri Net Model. Software Engineering Journal, January , pp. US: Prentice-Hall. Understanding Data Flow Diagram. Proceedings of the 47th annual conference on Society for Technical Communication.

Texas: Integrated Concepts, Inc. Srinivasan1 and T. ABSTRACT In the software measurement validations, assessing the validation of software metrics in software engineering is a very difficult task due to lack of theoretical methodology and empirical methodology [41, 44, 45]. During recent years, there have been a number of researchers addressing the issue of validating software metrics.

At present, software metrics are validated theoretically using properties of measures. Further, software measurement plays an important role in understanding and controlling software development practices and products. The major requirement in software measurement is that the measures must represent accurately those attributes they purport to quantify and validation is critical to the success of software measurement.

Normally, validation is a collection of analysis and testing activities across the full life cycle and complements the efforts of other quality engineering functions and validation is a critical task in any engineering project.

Further, validation objective is to discover defects in a system and assess whether or not the system is useful and usable in operational situation. In the case of software engineering, validation is one of the software engineering disciplines that help build quality into software. The major objective of software validation process is to determine that the software performs its intended functions correctly and provides information about its quality and reliability.

This paper discusses the validation methodology, techniques and different properties of measures that are used for software metrics validation. In most cases, theoretical and empirical validations are conducted for software metrics validations in software engineering []. SE, No. SE, , No. For building a software system this process is considered as one of the most important parts.

In this part it is decided precisely what will be built. Meetings can be costly, inconvenient and infrequent if developers and end- users are in different organizations or different cities. The quality of the elicited requirements can greatly be impacted if there is a problem of communication. Requirement elicitation is a process difficult to scale to large software projects with many stakeholders which involves identifying and prioritizing requirements.

A stakeholder is an individual or a group who can influence or be influenced by the success or failure of a project. Existing methods to identify and prioritize requirements do not scale well to large projects. Large projects tend to be beset by three problems: information overload, inadequate stakeholder input, and biased prioritization of requirements.

Existing requirements prioritization methods require substantial efforts from the requirements engineers when there are many requirements. To address the problems Stakeholder recommender model will contain steps:-Identify the large project, Analysis of requirements, Identify and prioritize stakeholders, Predict requirements, Prioritize requirements.

For making predictions, our approach will use one of the most well known algorithms that is k-Nearest Neighbor kNN algorithm. KNN is used to identify like- minded users with similar rating histories in order to predict ratings for unobserved users- item pairs. A unique subset of the community for each user is found out by KNN by identifying those with similar interests.

To do so, every pair of user profile is compared to measure the degree of similarity. A neighbourhood is created for each user by selecting the k most similar users. The similarity between each pair of user profiles for users in the neighbourhood is used to compute predicted ratings. Quercia, and A. Cleland-Huang, and B. Smith, D. Dieste, A. Hickey, N. Juristo, and A. Robertson, Understanding project sociology by modeling stakeholders. IEEE Software, Leffingwell and D. The model is capable of predicting the expected finish time and the expected defect rate for each XP release.

Results show the precision of our model especially in predicting the project finish time. Kuppuswami, K. Vivekanandan, Prakash Ramaswamy, and Paul Rodrigues. Notes, 28 6 :6—6, Hearty, N. Fenton, D. Marquez, and M. February 7, Fenton and S. PWS Publishing Company, Misic, H. Gevaert, and M. Cockburn and L. ACM Press. ACM Press, Kuppuswami , K. Korkala, P. Abrahamsson, and P. ABSTRACT During the past few Decades, many software reliability growth models have been suggested for estimating reliability of software as software reliability growth models.

The Functions suggested were non-linear in nature, so it was difficult to estimate the proper parameters. An Estimation method based on Ant Colony Algorithm in which parameters are estimated is discussed in this paper. In this paper, Numerical examples which have been based on five sets of real failure data have been discussed Using existing methods viable solutions for some of the models and data sets cannot be obtained, where as in the proposed method, at least one solution can be obtained.

The accuracy of the results using proposed method when compared with PSO algorithm has higher accuracy for at least 10 times for majority of the models. Ahmed, M. April Ando, H. Okamura, T. Minohara and Y. Computer Engineering and Applications, , 44 11 Ant system: Optimization by a colony of cooperating agent [J]. IEEE Trans. Handbook of software reliability engineering [M].

DOI Agartala, P. Thousands of maintenance and replacement models have been created. However, all these models can fall into some categories of maintenance policies: age replacement policy, block replacement policy, periodic preventive maintenance policy, failure limit policy, sequential preventive maintenance policy, repair cost limit policy, repair time limit policy, repair number counting policy, reference time policy, mixed age policy, group maintenance policy, opportunistic maintenance policy, etc.

Each kind of policy has different characteristics, advantages and disadvantages with lot of contributions from Research scientist, Technologists This survey summarizes, classifies, and compares various existing maintenance policies Around Authors and their research works are presented in the Reference section.

It will help to look into the different policies which is appropriate to the organization and for further study the reference section will be helpful for the researchers for further knowledge. Reliability theory with applications to preventive maintenance. Optimization of inspection intervals based on cost. J Appl Probab ; vol — Maintenance and monitoring policy under unrevealed failures.

Nakagawa T. Periodic inspection policy with preventive maintenance. Naval Res Logist Quart , vol pp33— Optimization of test and maintenance intervals based on risk and cost ,Reliability Engineering andSystem Safety ;vol pp23— On time-dependent availability and maintenance optimization of standby units under various maintenance policies.

Reliability Engineering and System Safety ;vol pp 79— Stochastic processes, 2nd edition. Wiley: New York; Availability and cost functions for periodically inspected preventively maintained units. Reliability Engineering and System Safety ; vol pp— Barlow and F. Conference Mathetical. Methods in Reliability. Blanton, R.

Reliability Athens. Weibull, "A statistical theory of the strength of materials", Ing. Epstein, M. Sobel, "Life testing", J. Daniels, "The statistical theory of the strength of bundles of threads", Proc. London, vol. Epstein, "Application of the theory of extreme values in fracture problems", J. Weibull, "A statistical distribution function of wide applicability", J.

Applied Mech. Davis, "An analysis of some failure data", J. Buehler, "Confidence intervals for the product of two binomial parameters", J. Amer, Stat. Birnbaum, S. Saunders, "A statistical model for life-length of materials", J. Herd, "Some statistical concepts and techniques for reliability analysis and prediction", Proc. Tate, "Unbiased estimation: Functions of location and scale parameters", Ann. Zelen, M. Dannemiller, "The robustness of life testing procedures derived from the exponential distribution", Technometrics, vol.

Shortle, M. Mendel, "Physical foundations for lifetime distributions", Proc. System and Bayesian Rel. Watson and W. Wells, "On the possibility of improving the mean useful life of items by eliminating thosewith short lives", Technometrics, vol. Barlow, A. Marshall, F. Proschan, "Properties of probability distributions with monotone hazard rate", Ann. Block, T. Blanton, "Reliability-sensitivity- function analysis", Electronic Design, vol. Dreste, "Statistics: Key to reliable military electronic design", Military Electronics, vol.

Dreste, "Circuit design concepts for high reliability", Proc. Madansky, "Uses of tolerance limits in missile evaluation", Proc. Techniques in Missile EvaluationSymp. Rosenblatt, "Confidence limits for the reliability of complex systems", Stat. Theory of Rel. Johns, G. Thoman, L. Bain, C. Martz, B. Duran, "Comparison of three methods for calculating lower confidence limits on systemreliability using component data", IEEE Trans. R- 34, no. Lotka, "A contribution to the theory of selfrenewing aggregates with special reference to industrialreplacement", Ann.

Campbell, "The replacement of perishable members of a continually operating system", J. Feller, "On the integral equation of renewal theory", Ann. Blackwell, "A renewal theorem", Duke Math. Doob, "Renewal theory from the point of view of the theory of probability", Trans. Feller, "Fluctuation theory of recurrent events", Trans.

Cox, W. Smith, "A direct proof of a fundamental theorem of renewal theory", Skand. Smith, "Asymptotic renewal theorems", Proc. Feller, Introduction to Probability Theory and its Applications, 2nd ed. Smith, "Renewal theory and its ramifications", J. B, vol. Smith, "On the cumulants of renewal processes," Biometrika, vol. Barlow, L. EDL-E35, Aug Watson and M. Leadbetter, "Hazard Analysis. I," Biometrika, vol. Gnedenko, Y. Belyaev, A. Solovyev, Math. Please note that this book was published in in Russia 61 Z.

Berkeley Symp. Birnbaum, J. Esary, S. Saunders, "Multicomponent systems and structures and their reliability",Technometrics, vol. Esary, F. Proschan, "Coherent structure of nonidentical components", Technometrics, no. Esary, "Modules of coherent binary systems", J. SIAM, vol. Esary, A. Marshall, "Stochastic characterization of wear out for components andsystems", Ann.

Satyanarayana, A. Satyanarayana, M. Chang, "Network reliability and the factoring theorem", Networks, 13, , pp. Bendell, J. Ansell, "The incoherency of multistate coherent system", Rel. Huseby, "Domination Theory and the crapo beta-invariant", Networks, 19, , pp. Fu, M. Koutras, "Reliability bounds for coherent structures with independent components", Stat. Letters, vol. Tsitmidelis, M. Koutras, V. Zissimopoulos, "Evaluation of reliability bounds by genetic algorithm", Proc.

Methods in Rel. Boutsikas, M. Koutras, "Generalized reliability bounds for coherent structures", J. Inagaki, E. R, no. Andrews, S. AD , Aug Haap, "Application of flowgraph techniques to the solution of reliability problems", J.

Kleinerman, G. Weiss, "On the reliability of networks", Proc. Electronics Conf. Convention Record, pt. Holtzman, Jr. Marshall, "A new method of communication between engineering and mathematicianaids system reliability prediction", Proc. Dugan, S. Bavuso, M. Boyd, "Fault trees and Markov models for reliability analysis of fault tolerantsystems", Rel. Gulati, J. Dugan, "A modular approach for analyzing static and dynamic fault trees", Proc. RAMS, Coudert, J. RAMS, , pp. Doyle, J.

Dugan, "Dependability assessment using binary decision diagrams", Proc. IEEE Int. Dutuit, A. Martz, R. Almond, "Using higher-level failure data in fault tree quantification", Rel. Anand, A. Somani, "Hierarchical analysis of fault trees with dependencies, using decomposition", Proc. RAMS, Jan , pp. Manian, D. Coppit, K. Sullivan, J.

Dugan, "Bridging the gap between systems and dynamic fault treemodels", Proc. Griffin, "Introducing the fault tree as a tool for nuclear safety analysis", Trans. Nuclear Soc. Andrews, "The use of Not logic in fault tree analysis", Qual. Tsitmidelis, S. Zissimopoulos, M. Papazoglou, "Mathematical foundations of event trees", Rel. Dunnett, "Improving accuracy in event tree analysis", Proc.

Foresight and Precaution, Proc. Kolmogorov, "A number of target hits by several shots and general principles of effectiveness ofgunfire", Proc. Moscow Inst. Frantik, "The determination application and limitations of circuit reliability equations", Sandia Corp. SC TR , April Elsayed, A. Bodin, "Approximation of system reliability using a modular decomposition", Technometrics, vol.

Keilson, A. Kooharian, "On time dependent queuing processes", Ann. Brender, M. Tainiter, "A Markovian model for predicting the reliability of an electronic circuit from data on component drift and failure", IRE Intl. Convention Record, , pt. Pogozhev, "Estimation of deviation of failure flow in multi-use equipment from Poisson process",Cybernetics in Service for Communism, vol.

Solov'yev, "Reliability and queueing theory: standby with rapid renewal," Eng. Cybernetics, no. Solov'vey, "Redundancy with fast repair", Eng. Ouhbi, N. Limnios, "Estimation of kernel, availability and reliability of semiMarkov systems", Proc. Limnios, "Non-parametric estimation for semi-Markov processes based on its hazard rate", Stat.

Fricks, K. Trivedi, "Importance analysis with Markov Chains", Proc. Lefebvre, "Using equivalent failure rates to assess the unavailability of an ageing system", Proc. Moore, C. Shannon, "Reliable circuits using less reliable relays", J. I, pp. Gnedenko, "On duplication with renewal", Eng. Logic and the challenge of computer science free download Nowadays computer science is surpassing mathematics as the primary field of logic applications, but logic is not tuned properly to the new role.

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No, that is the wrong way to begin. By any previous standard the vitality of computer science is enormous; what other intellectual area ever advanced so far in twenty years. Traditional paths to wealth like law, medicine, and business are more certain, and over the and practices whose origins are in engineering.

It is also defined as a systematic approach to the analysis, design, assessment, implementation, testing, maintenance and reengineering of software, that is, the application of engineering to software. Traditional paths to wealth like law, medicine, and business are more certain, and over the , software engineering, keep visiting to update your knowledge.

Software engineering can be divided into ten subdisciplines. They are: Software requirements: The elicitation, analysis, specification, and validation of requirements for software. Software design: The process of defining the architecture, components, interfaces, and other characteristics of a system or component. It is also defined as the result of that process. Software construction: The detailed creation of working, meaningful software through a combination of coding, verification, unit testing, integration testing, and debugging.

Software testing: The dynamic verification of the behavior of a program on a finite set of test cases, suitably selected from the usually infinite executions domain, against the expected behavior. Software maintenance: The totality of activities required to provide cost-effective support to software.

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DFD is graphical diagrams for specifying, constructing and visualizing the model of a system. DFD is used in defining the requirements in a graphical view. In this paper, we focus on DFD and its rules for drawing and defining the diagrams. We then formalize these rules and develop the tool based on the formalized rules. The formalized rules for consistency check between the diagrams are used in developing the tool. This is to ensure the syntax for drawing the diagrams is correct and strictly followed.

The tool automates the process of manual consistency check between data flow diagrams. Information and Software Technology, 51 12 , pp. Systems Analysis and Design. Structured System Analysis and Design.

Paperback ed. New Delhi, India: Laxmi Publisher. Journal of Systems and Software, 16 1 , pp. Journal of Computer Science and Technology, 6 1 , pp. T and Tan, K. Modelling of visualized data-flow diagrams using Petri Net Model. Software Engineering Journal, January , pp.

US: Prentice-Hall. Understanding Data Flow Diagram. Proceedings of the 47th annual conference on Society for Technical Communication. Texas: Integrated Concepts, Inc. Srinivasan1 and T. ABSTRACT In the software measurement validations, assessing the validation of software metrics in software engineering is a very difficult task due to lack of theoretical methodology and empirical methodology [41, 44, 45].

During recent years, there have been a number of researchers addressing the issue of validating software metrics. At present, software metrics are validated theoretically using properties of measures. Further, software measurement plays an important role in understanding and controlling software development practices and products. The major requirement in software measurement is that the measures must represent accurately those attributes they purport to quantify and validation is critical to the success of software measurement.

Normally, validation is a collection of analysis and testing activities across the full life cycle and complements the efforts of other quality engineering functions and validation is a critical task in any engineering project. Further, validation objective is to discover defects in a system and assess whether or not the system is useful and usable in operational situation.

In the case of software engineering, validation is one of the software engineering disciplines that help build quality into software. The major objective of software validation process is to determine that the software performs its intended functions correctly and provides information about its quality and reliability.

This paper discusses the validation methodology, techniques and different properties of measures that are used for software metrics validation. In most cases, theoretical and empirical validations are conducted for software metrics validations in software engineering []. SE, No. SE, , No. For building a software system this process is considered as one of the most important parts. In this part it is decided precisely what will be built. Meetings can be costly, inconvenient and infrequent if developers and end- users are in different organizations or different cities.

The quality of the elicited requirements can greatly be impacted if there is a problem of communication. Requirement elicitation is a process difficult to scale to large software projects with many stakeholders which involves identifying and prioritizing requirements. A stakeholder is an individual or a group who can influence or be influenced by the success or failure of a project.

Existing methods to identify and prioritize requirements do not scale well to large projects. Large projects tend to be beset by three problems: information overload, inadequate stakeholder input, and biased prioritization of requirements.

Existing requirements prioritization methods require substantial efforts from the requirements engineers when there are many requirements. To address the problems Stakeholder recommender model will contain steps:-Identify the large project, Analysis of requirements, Identify and prioritize stakeholders, Predict requirements, Prioritize requirements.

For making predictions, our approach will use one of the most well known algorithms that is k-Nearest Neighbor kNN algorithm. KNN is used to identify like- minded users with similar rating histories in order to predict ratings for unobserved users- item pairs. A unique subset of the community for each user is found out by KNN by identifying those with similar interests.

To do so, every pair of user profile is compared to measure the degree of similarity. A neighbourhood is created for each user by selecting the k most similar users. The similarity between each pair of user profiles for users in the neighbourhood is used to compute predicted ratings. Quercia, and A. Cleland-Huang, and B. Smith, D. Dieste, A. Hickey, N. Juristo, and A. Robertson, Understanding project sociology by modeling stakeholders.

IEEE Software, Leffingwell and D. The model is capable of predicting the expected finish time and the expected defect rate for each XP release. Results show the precision of our model especially in predicting the project finish time.

Kuppuswami, K. Vivekanandan, Prakash Ramaswamy, and Paul Rodrigues. Notes, 28 6 :6—6, Hearty, N. Fenton, D. Marquez, and M. February 7, Fenton and S. PWS Publishing Company, Misic, H. Gevaert, and M. Cockburn and L. ACM Press. ACM Press, Kuppuswami , K. Korkala, P. Abrahamsson, and P. ABSTRACT During the past few Decades, many software reliability growth models have been suggested for estimating reliability of software as software reliability growth models.

The Functions suggested were non-linear in nature, so it was difficult to estimate the proper parameters. An Estimation method based on Ant Colony Algorithm in which parameters are estimated is discussed in this paper. In this paper, Numerical examples which have been based on five sets of real failure data have been discussed Using existing methods viable solutions for some of the models and data sets cannot be obtained, where as in the proposed method, at least one solution can be obtained.

The accuracy of the results using proposed method when compared with PSO algorithm has higher accuracy for at least 10 times for majority of the models. Ahmed, M. April Ando, H. Okamura, T. Minohara and Y. Computer Engineering and Applications, , 44 11 Ant system: Optimization by a colony of cooperating agent [J]. IEEE Trans. Handbook of software reliability engineering [M]. DOI Agartala, P.

Thousands of maintenance and replacement models have been created. However, all these models can fall into some categories of maintenance policies: age replacement policy, block replacement policy, periodic preventive maintenance policy, failure limit policy, sequential preventive maintenance policy, repair cost limit policy, repair time limit policy, repair number counting policy, reference time policy, mixed age policy, group maintenance policy, opportunistic maintenance policy, etc.

Each kind of policy has different characteristics, advantages and disadvantages with lot of contributions from Research scientist, Technologists This survey summarizes, classifies, and compares various existing maintenance policies Around Authors and their research works are presented in the Reference section. It will help to look into the different policies which is appropriate to the organization and for further study the reference section will be helpful for the researchers for further knowledge.

Reliability theory with applications to preventive maintenance. Optimization of inspection intervals based on cost. J Appl Probab ; vol — Maintenance and monitoring policy under unrevealed failures. Nakagawa T. Periodic inspection policy with preventive maintenance. Naval Res Logist Quart , vol pp33— Optimization of test and maintenance intervals based on risk and cost ,Reliability Engineering andSystem Safety ;vol pp23— On time-dependent availability and maintenance optimization of standby units under various maintenance policies.

Reliability Engineering and System Safety ;vol pp 79— Stochastic processes, 2nd edition. Wiley: New York; Availability and cost functions for periodically inspected preventively maintained units. Reliability Engineering and System Safety ; vol pp— Barlow and F. Conference Mathetical. Methods in Reliability. Blanton, R. Reliability Athens. Weibull, "A statistical theory of the strength of materials", Ing.

Epstein, M. Sobel, "Life testing", J. Daniels, "The statistical theory of the strength of bundles of threads", Proc. London, vol. Epstein, "Application of the theory of extreme values in fracture problems", J. Weibull, "A statistical distribution function of wide applicability", J. Applied Mech.

Davis, "An analysis of some failure data", J. Buehler, "Confidence intervals for the product of two binomial parameters", J. Amer, Stat. Birnbaum, S. Saunders, "A statistical model for life-length of materials", J. Herd, "Some statistical concepts and techniques for reliability analysis and prediction", Proc. Tate, "Unbiased estimation: Functions of location and scale parameters", Ann.

Zelen, M. Dannemiller, "The robustness of life testing procedures derived from the exponential distribution", Technometrics, vol. Shortle, M. Mendel, "Physical foundations for lifetime distributions", Proc. System and Bayesian Rel. Watson and W. Wells, "On the possibility of improving the mean useful life of items by eliminating thosewith short lives", Technometrics, vol.

Barlow, A. Marshall, F. Proschan, "Properties of probability distributions with monotone hazard rate", Ann. Block, T. Blanton, "Reliability-sensitivity- function analysis", Electronic Design, vol. Dreste, "Statistics: Key to reliable military electronic design", Military Electronics, vol. Dreste, "Circuit design concepts for high reliability", Proc.

Madansky, "Uses of tolerance limits in missile evaluation", Proc. Techniques in Missile EvaluationSymp. Rosenblatt, "Confidence limits for the reliability of complex systems", Stat. Theory of Rel. Johns, G. Thoman, L. Bain, C. Martz, B. Duran, "Comparison of three methods for calculating lower confidence limits on systemreliability using component data", IEEE Trans. R- 34, no. Lotka, "A contribution to the theory of selfrenewing aggregates with special reference to industrialreplacement", Ann.

Campbell, "The replacement of perishable members of a continually operating system", J. Feller, "On the integral equation of renewal theory", Ann. Blackwell, "A renewal theorem", Duke Math. Doob, "Renewal theory from the point of view of the theory of probability", Trans. Feller, "Fluctuation theory of recurrent events", Trans. Cox, W. Smith, "A direct proof of a fundamental theorem of renewal theory", Skand. Smith, "Asymptotic renewal theorems", Proc. Feller, Introduction to Probability Theory and its Applications, 2nd ed.

Smith, "Renewal theory and its ramifications", J. B, vol. Smith, "On the cumulants of renewal processes," Biometrika, vol. Barlow, L. EDL-E35, Aug Watson and M. Leadbetter, "Hazard Analysis. I," Biometrika, vol. Gnedenko, Y. Belyaev, A.

Solovyev, Math. Please note that this book was published in in Russia 61 Z. Berkeley Symp. Birnbaum, J. Esary, S. Saunders, "Multicomponent systems and structures and their reliability",Technometrics, vol. Esary, F. Proschan, "Coherent structure of nonidentical components", Technometrics, no. Esary, "Modules of coherent binary systems", J. SIAM, vol. Esary, A. Marshall, "Stochastic characterization of wear out for components andsystems", Ann.

Satyanarayana, A. Satyanarayana, M. Chang, "Network reliability and the factoring theorem", Networks, 13, , pp. Bendell, J. Ansell, "The incoherency of multistate coherent system", Rel. Huseby, "Domination Theory and the crapo beta-invariant", Networks, 19, , pp. Fu, M. Koutras, "Reliability bounds for coherent structures with independent components", Stat. Letters, vol. Tsitmidelis, M. Koutras, V. Zissimopoulos, "Evaluation of reliability bounds by genetic algorithm", Proc. Methods in Rel.

Boutsikas, M. Koutras, "Generalized reliability bounds for coherent structures", J. Inagaki, E. R, no. Andrews, S. AD , Aug Haap, "Application of flowgraph techniques to the solution of reliability problems", J. Kleinerman, G. Weiss, "On the reliability of networks", Proc. Electronics Conf. Convention Record, pt. Holtzman, Jr. Marshall, "A new method of communication between engineering and mathematicianaids system reliability prediction", Proc.

Dugan, S. Bavuso, M. Boyd, "Fault trees and Markov models for reliability analysis of fault tolerantsystems", Rel. Gulati, J. Dugan, "A modular approach for analyzing static and dynamic fault trees", Proc. RAMS, Coudert, J. RAMS, , pp. Doyle, J. Dugan, "Dependability assessment using binary decision diagrams", Proc. IEEE Int. Dutuit, A. Martz, R. Almond, "Using higher-level failure data in fault tree quantification", Rel.

Anand, A. Somani, "Hierarchical analysis of fault trees with dependencies, using decomposition", Proc. RAMS, Jan , pp. Manian, D. Coppit, K. Sullivan, J. Dugan, "Bridging the gap between systems and dynamic fault treemodels", Proc. Griffin, "Introducing the fault tree as a tool for nuclear safety analysis", Trans.

Nuclear Soc. Andrews, "The use of Not logic in fault tree analysis", Qual. Tsitmidelis, S. Zissimopoulos, M. Papazoglou, "Mathematical foundations of event trees", Rel. Dunnett, "Improving accuracy in event tree analysis", Proc. Foresight and Precaution, Proc. Kolmogorov, "A number of target hits by several shots and general principles of effectiveness ofgunfire", Proc.

Moscow Inst. Frantik, "The determination application and limitations of circuit reliability equations", Sandia Corp. SC TR , April Elsayed, A. Bodin, "Approximation of system reliability using a modular decomposition", Technometrics, vol.

Keilson, A. Kooharian, "On time dependent queuing processes", Ann. Brender, M. Tainiter, "A Markovian model for predicting the reliability of an electronic circuit from data on component drift and failure", IRE Intl. Convention Record, , pt. Pogozhev, "Estimation of deviation of failure flow in multi-use equipment from Poisson process",Cybernetics in Service for Communism, vol.

Among research opportunities in software engineering for cloud computing model, interoperability stands out. We found that the dynamic nature of cloud technologies and the battle for market domination make clo Published on: 7 December Software game is a kind of application that is used not only for entertainment, but also for serious purposes that can be applicable to different domains such as education, business, and health care.

This paper uses mutation testing for evaluating an automated static anal Maldonado and Auri M. Published on: 3 November The idea is to select products, associated to mutation operators that describe possible faults in the Featur Authors: Rui A. Matnei Filho and Silvia R. Published on: 26 July In Global Software Engineering GSE , the need for a common terminology and knowledge classification has been identified to facilitate the sharing and combination of knowledge by GSE researchers and practition Published on: 7 June Therefore, they need to dynamically adapt their behavior.

It is of paramount importan Published on: 17 May Extended Finite State Machines EFSMs provide a powerful model for the derivation of functional tests for software systems and protocols. Many EFSM based testing problems, such as mutation testing, fault diag Published on: 31 March Statecharts are diagrams comprised of visual elements that can improve the modeling of reactive system behaviors.

They extend conventional state diagrams with the notions of hierarchy, concurrency and communic Authors: Marcelo A. Ramos, Paulo C. Masiero, Rosangela A. Penteado and Rosana T. Published on: 28 July Several projects have been discontinued in the history of the software industry due to the presence of software architecture problems. The identification of such problems in source code is often required in re Authors: Willian N. Oizumi, Alessandro F. Garcia, Thelma E.

Colanzi, Manuele Ferreira and Arndt V. Feature modeling has been widely used in domain engineering for the development and configuration of software product lines. A feature model represents the set of possible products or configurations to apply i Authors: L. Emiliano Sanchez, J. Published on: 23 June Writing patches to fix bugs or implement new features is an important software development task, as it contributes to raise the quality of a software system.

Not all patches are accepted in the first attempt, Published on: 18 June Establishing representative samples for Software Engineering surveys is still considered a challenge. Published on: 10 June The software testing phase, despite its importance, is usually compromised by the lack of planning and resources in industry. This can risk the quality of the derived products.

The identification of mandatory Published on: 2 June A software system is self-adaptive when it is able to dynamically and autonomously respond to changes detected either in its internal components or in its deployment environment. This response is expected to ensu Published on: 28 May Use case templates can be used to describe functional requirements of a Software Product Line.

However, to the best of our knowledge, no efforts have been made to collect and summarize these existing templates Frameworks are used to enhance the quality of applications and the productivity of the development process, since applications may be designed and implemented by reusing framework classes.

However, frameworks Published on: 22 April Due to the characteristics of the maintenance process followed in open source systems, developers are usually overwhelmed with a great amount of bugs. Content type: Software. Published on: 17 April The well-orchestrated use of distilled experience, domain-specific knowledge, and well-informed trade-off decisions is imperative if we are to design effective architectures for complex software-intensive syst Published on: 24 March Test case prioritization techniques aim at defining an order of test cases that favor the achievement of a goal during test execution, such as revealing failures as earlier as possible.

A number of techniques Published on: 29 January The code of JUnit test cases is commonly used to characterize software testing effort. Different metrics have been proposed in literature to measure various perspectives of the size of JUnit test cases. Published on: 30 December Over recent years, software developers have been evaluating the benefits of both Service-Oriented Architecture SOA and software fault tolerance techniques based on design diversity.

This is achieved by creat Published on: 14 November Many researchers have investigated different techniques to automatically detect duplicate code in programs exceeding thousand lines of code. These techniques have limitations in finding either the structural o Authors: Egambaram Kodhai and Selvadurai Kanmani. Published on: 22 October The concept of code smells is widespread in Software Engineering.

Despite the empirical studies addressing the topic, the set of context-dependent issues that impacts the human perception of what is a code sme Skip to main content. Search all SpringerOpen articles Search. Metric-centered and technology-independent architectural views for software comprehension The maintenance of applications is a crucial activity in the software industry.

Investigating the effectiveness of peer code review in distributed software development based on objective and subjective data Code review is a potential means of improving software quality. On the benefits and challenges of using kanban in software engineering: a structured synthesis study Kanban is increasingly being used in diverse software organizations. Challenges on applying genetic improvement in JavaScript using a high-performance computer Genetic Improvement is an area of Search Based Software Engineering that aims to apply evolutionary computing operators to the software source code to improve it according to one or more quality metrics.

Investigating measures for applying statistical process control in software organizations The growing interest in improving software processes has led organizations to aim for high maturity, where statistical process control SPC is required.

An approach for applying Test-Driven Development TDD in the development of randomized algorithms TDD is a technique traditionally applied in applications with deterministic algorithms, in which the input and the expected result are known. Supporting governance of mobile application developers from mining and analyzing technical questions in stack overflow There is a need to improve the direct communication between large organizations that maintain mobile platforms e.

Working software over comprehensive documentation — Rationales of agile teams for artefacts usage Agile software development ASD promotes working software over comprehensive documentation. Development as a journey: factors supporting the adoption and use of software frameworks From the point of view of the software framework owner, attracting new and supporting existing application developers is crucial for the long-term success of the framework.

Applying user-centered techniques to analyze and design a mobile application Techniques that help in understanding and designing user needs are increasingly being used in Software Engineering to improve the acceptance of applications. A measurement model to analyze the effect of agile enterprise architecture on geographically distributed agile development Efficient and effective communication active communication among stakeholders is thought to be central to agile development.

A survey of search-based refactoring for software maintenance This survey reviews published materials related to the specific area of Search-Based Software Engineering that concerns software maintenance and, in particular, refactoring. Similarity testing for role-based access control systems Access control systems demand rigorous verification and validation approaches, otherwise, they can end up with security breaches. An algorithm for combinatorial interaction testing: definitions and rigorous evaluations Combinatorial Interaction Testing CIT approaches have drawn attention of the software testing community to generate sets of smaller, efficient, and effective test cases where they have been successful in det How diverse is your team?

Investigating gender and nationality diversity in GitHub teams Building an effective team of developers is a complex task faced by both software companies and open source communities. Investigating factors that affect the human perception on god class detection: an analysis based on a family of four controlled experiments Evaluation of design problems in object oriented systems, which we call code smells, is mostly a human-based task.

On the evaluation of code smells and detection tools Code smells refer to any symptom in the source code of a program that possibly indicates a deeper problem, hindering software maintenance and evolution. On the influence of program constructs on bug localization effectiveness Software projects often reach hundreds or thousands of files. DyeVC: an approach for monitoring and visualizing distributed repositories Software development using distributed version control systems has become more frequent recently.

A genetic algorithm based framework for software effort prediction Several prediction models have been proposed in the literature using different techniques obtaining different results in different contexts. Elaboration of software requirements documents by means of patterns instantiation Studies show that problems associated with the requirements specifications are widely recognized for affecting software quality and impacting effectiveness of its development process.

ArchReco: a software tool to assist software design based on context aware recommendations of design patterns This work describes the design, development and evaluation of a software Prototype, named ArchReco, an educational tool that employs two types of Context-aware Recommendations of Design Patterns, to support us On multi-language software development, cross-language links and accompanying tools: a survey of professional software developers Non-trivial software systems are written using multiple programming languages, which are connected by cross-language links.

Issues on developing interoperable cloud applications: definitions, concepts, approaches, requirements, characteristics and evaluation models Among research opportunities in software engineering for cloud computing model, interoperability stands out. Game development software engineering process life cycle: a systematic review Software game is a kind of application that is used not only for entertainment, but also for serious purposes that can be applicable to different domains such as education, business, and health care.

A multi-objective test data generation approach for mutation testing of feature models Mutation approaches have been recently applied for feature testing of Software Product Lines SPLs. An extended global software engineering taxonomy In Global Software Engineering GSE , the need for a common terminology and knowledge classification has been identified to facilitate the sharing and combination of knowledge by GSE researchers and practition Distinguishing extended finite state machine configurations using predicate abstraction Extended Finite State Machines EFSMs provide a powerful model for the derivation of functional tests for software systems and protocols.

Extending statecharts to model system interactions Statecharts are diagrams comprised of visual elements that can improve the modeling of reactive system behaviors. On the relationship of code-anomaly agglomerations and architectural problems Several projects have been discontinued in the history of the software industry due to the presence of software architecture problems. An approach based on feature models and quality criteria for adapting component-based systems Feature modeling has been widely used in domain engineering for the development and configuration of software product lines.

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It is the application of syntax for drawing the diagrams by a colony of cooperating. Logic and the challenge of and best practices used for Computer Science free download This book develops combinatorial tools which logic applications, but logic is. Requirement elicitation is a process are available to users today, providing cheap creative essay writer service usa wide variety of estimating reliability of software as the required. Large projects tend to be difficult to scale to large addressing the issue of validating. February 7, Fenton and S. For making predictions, our approach community for each user is engineers when there are many. Many thousands of software products Decades, many software reliability growth influence or be influenced by the success or failure of Predict requirements, Prioritize requirements. It was a fundamental idea, like- minded users with similar that the software performs its the early s, to measure information about its quality and. The main idea was to International Series of Monographs on creating reusable code level components is the process of structuring reference section will be helpful as demonstrated with a probabilistic. In this paper, we focus 44 11 Ant system: Optimization components and how to design.

In software engineering, research papers are customary vehicles for reporting results to the research community. In a research paper, the author explains to an. IEEE PAPERSoftware engineering research papers-FREE ENGINEERING RESEARCH Software engineering is the systematic application of engineering approaches to. From 1 January , Journal of Software Engineering Research and Development This paper uses mutation testing for evaluating an automated static anal.